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Open AccessArticle

A Promising Nano-Insulating-Oil for Industrial Application: Electrical Properties and Modification Mechanism

State Key Laboratory of Power Transmission Equipment & System Security and New Technology, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400030, China
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Nanomaterials 2019, 9(5), 788; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9050788
Received: 28 April 2019 / Revised: 18 May 2019 / Accepted: 21 May 2019 / Published: 23 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Nanofluids)
Despite being discovered more than 20 years ago, nanofluids still cannot be used in the power industry. The fundamental reason is that nano-insulating oil has poor stability, and its electrical performance decreases under negative impulse voltage. We found that C60 nanoparticles can maintain long-term stability in insulating oil without surface modification. C60 has strong electronegativity and photon absorption ability, which can comprehensively improve the electrical performance of insulating oil. This finding has great significance for the industrial application of nano-insulating oil. In this study, six concentrations of nano-C60 modified insulating oil (CMIO) were prepared, and their breakdown strength and dielectric properties were tested. The thermally stimulated current (TSC) curves of fresh oil (FO) and CMIO were experimentally determined. The test results indicate that C60 nanoparticles can simultaneously improve the positive and negative lightning impulse and power frequency breakdown voltage of insulating oil, while hardly increasing dielectric loss. At 150 mg/L, the positive and negative lightning impulse breakdown voltages of CMIO increased by 7.51% and 8.33%, respectively, compared with those of FO. The AC average breakdown voltage reached its peak (18.0% higher compared with FO) at a CMIO concentration of 200 mg/L. Based on the test results and the special properties of C60, we believe that changes in the trap parameters, the strong electron capture ability of C60, and the absorption capacity of C60 for photons enhanced the breakdown performance of insulating oil by C60 nanoparticles. View Full-Text
Keywords: C60 nanoparticles; electrical properties; insulating oil; modification mechanism; thermally stimulated current (TSC) C60 nanoparticles; electrical properties; insulating oil; modification mechanism; thermally stimulated current (TSC)
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, J.; Sun, P.; Sima, W.; Shao, Q.; Ye, L.; Li, C. A Promising Nano-Insulating-Oil for Industrial Application: Electrical Properties and Modification Mechanism. Nanomaterials 2019, 9, 788.

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