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Open AccessArticle

Experimental Study of the Pressures and Points of Application of the Forces Exerted between Aligner and Tooth

School of Orthodontics, University of Ferrara, 44121 Ferrara, Italy
Department of Mechanics, Mathematics and Management, Polytechnic University of Bari, 70120 Bari, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nanomaterials 2019, 9(7), 1010;
Received: 20 June 2019 / Revised: 8 July 2019 / Accepted: 10 July 2019 / Published: 12 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology in Dentistry)
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The analysis of forces, moments and pressure points has long been of great interest in orthodontics. Hence, we set out to define a method for measuring the pressure exerted by aligners on the teeth, and specifically to identify the precise points of pressure exertion. Intraoral scans were performed on a patient with optimal alignment and levelling before and after 2º vestibularisation of the upper central incisor. Pressure sensor film was placed in a dedicated housing between the aligner and teeth in order to record the pressure exerted after 15 s of aligner application. The images captured by the film were scanned, digitised, and subsequently analysed. Areas and amounts of pressure generated by the aligners were evaluated, and the net force of each was calculated, adjusted to take into consideration passive values. The method revealed the areas of contact by which the aligner transmits force on the teeth, and the pressures at which it does so. The pressure exerted by an aligner is not evenly distributed across the entire surface of the tooth during lingual tipping of an upper incisor. The areas of force concentration were not identical, as these are influenced by factors resulting from the manufacturing and casting processes. View Full-Text
Keywords: aligner; pressure; force; microcapsules technology aligner; pressure; force; microcapsules technology

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Cervinara, F.; Cianci, C.; De Cillis, F.; Pappalettera, G.; Pappalettere, C.; Siciliani, G.; Lombardo, L. Experimental Study of the Pressures and Points of Application of the Forces Exerted between Aligner and Tooth. Nanomaterials 2019, 9, 1010.

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