Next Article in Journal
The Fluorescent Quenching Mechanism of N and S Co-Doped Graphene Quantum Dots with Fe3+ and Hg2+ Ions and Their Application as a Novel Fluorescent Sensor
Previous Article in Journal
Visible-Light-Driven Photocatalytic Activity of Magnetic BiOBr/SrFe12O19 Nanosheets
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview

Antibacterial Properties of Graphene-Based Nanomaterials

Laboratory of Functional Molecules and Materials, School of Physics and Optoelectronic Engineering, Shandong University of Technology, Xincun West Road 266, Zibo 255000, China
Analysis and Testing Center, Shandong University of Technology, Xincun West Road 266, Zibo 255000, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nanomaterials 2019, 9(5), 737;
Received: 16 April 2019 / Revised: 7 May 2019 / Accepted: 8 May 2019 / Published: 13 May 2019
PDF [2908 KB, uploaded 13 May 2019]


Bacteria mediated infections may cause various acute or chronic illnesses and antibiotic resistance in pathogenic bacteria has become a serious health problem around the world due to their excessive use or misuse. Replacement of existing antibacterial agents with a novel and efficient alternative is the immediate demand to alleviate this problem. Graphene-based materials have been exquisitely studied because of their remarkable bactericidal activity on a wide range of bacteria. Graphene-based materials provide advantages of easy preparation, renewable, unique catalytic properties, and exceptional physical properties such as a large specific surface area and mechanical strength. However, several queries related to the mechanism of action, significance of size and composition toward bacterial activity, toxicity criteria, and other issues are needed to be addressed. This review summarizes the recent efforts that have been made so far toward the development of graphene-based antibacterial materials to face current challenges to combat against the bacterial targets. This review describes the inherent antibacterial activity of graphene-family and recent advances that have been made on graphene-based antibacterial materials covering the functionalization with silver nanoparticles, other metal ions/oxides nanoparticles, polymers, antibiotics, and enzymes along with their multicomponent functionalization. Furthermore, the review describes the biosafety of the graphene-based antibacterial materials. It is hoped that this review will provide valuable current insight and excite new ideas for the further development of safe and efficient graphene-based antibacterial materials. View Full-Text
Keywords: graphene; antibacterial; silver; antibiotics; photocatalytic graphene; antibacterial; silver; antibiotics; photocatalytic

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Kumar, P.; Huo, P.; Zhang, R.; Liu, B. Antibacterial Properties of Graphene-Based Nanomaterials. Nanomaterials 2019, 9, 737.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Nanomaterials EISSN 2079-4991 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top