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Nanomaterials 2019, 9(3), 435; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9030435

Low-Cost and High-Performance ZnO Nanoclusters Gas Sensor Based on New-Type FTO Electrode for the Low-Concentration H2S Gas Detection

Laboratory of Functional Molecular and Materials, School of Physics and Optoelectronic Engineering, Shandong University of Technology, Zibo 255000, China
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Received: 17 February 2019 / Revised: 9 March 2019 / Accepted: 11 March 2019 / Published: 15 March 2019
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Abstract

A low-cost and high-performance gas sensor was fabricated by the in-situ growing of ZnO nanoclusters (NCs) arrays on the etched fluorine-doped tin dioxide (FTO) glass via a facile dip-coating and hydrothermal method. Etched FTO glass was used as a new-type gas-sensing electrode due to its advantages of being low cost and having excellent thermal and chemical stability. ZnO NCs are composed of multiple ZnO nanorods and can provide adequate lateral contacts to constitute the paths required for the gas-sensing tests simultaneously, which can provide many advantageous point junctions for the detection of low-concentration gases. The gas-sensing tests indicate that the ZnO NCs gas sensor has good selectivity and a high response for the low-concentration H2S gas. The sensing response has reached 3.3 for 500 ppb H2S at 330 °C. The excellent gas-sensing performances should be attributed to the large specific surface area of in-situ grown ZnO NCs, the perfect ohmic contact between ZnO NCs and FTO electrode and the variation of grain boundary barrier at the cross-linked junctions of multiple nanorods. In addition, the detailed effect of work temperature and gas concentration on gas-sensing, the stability of gas sensors and the corresponding response mechanism are also discussed in the present paper. View Full-Text
Keywords: ZnO nanoclusters; etched fluorine-doped tin dioxide glass; low-concentration H2S; ohmic contact; cross-linked junctions; grain boundary barrier ZnO nanoclusters; etched fluorine-doped tin dioxide glass; low-concentration H2S; ohmic contact; cross-linked junctions; grain boundary barrier
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Zhao, G.; Xuan, J.; Liu, X.; Jia, F.; Sun, Y.; Sun, M.; Yin, G.; Liu, B. Low-Cost and High-Performance ZnO Nanoclusters Gas Sensor Based on New-Type FTO Electrode for the Low-Concentration H2S Gas Detection. Nanomaterials 2019, 9, 435.

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