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Nanomaterials 2019, 9(3), 420; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9030420

Hydrated Salt/Graphite/Polyelectrolyte Organic-Inorganic Hybrids for Efficient Thermochemical Storage

1
Dipartimento di Scienza Applicata e Tecnologia, Politecnico di Torino-Alessandria Campus, 15121 Alessandria, Italy
2
Center for Sustainable Future Technologies, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, 10144 Torino, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 January 2019 / Revised: 2 March 2019 / Accepted: 6 March 2019 / Published: 12 March 2019
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Abstract

Hydrated salt thermochemical energy storage (TES) is a promising technology for high density energy storage, in principle opening the way for applications in seasonal storage. However, severe limitations are affecting large scale applications, related to their poor thermal and mechanical stability on hydration/dehydration cycling. In this paper, we report the preparation and characterization of composite materials manufactured with a wet impregnation method using strontium bromide hexahydrate (SBH) as a thermochemical storage material, combined with expanded natural graphite (G). In addition to these fully inorganic formulations, an organic polyelectrolyte (PDAC, polydiallyldimethylammonium chloride) was exploited in the structure, with the aim to stabilize the salt, while contributing to the sorption/desorption process. Different formulations were prepared with varying PDAC concentration to study its contribution to material morphology, by electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction, as well as water sorption/desorption properties, by thermogravimetry and differential calorimetry. Furthermore, the SBH/G/PDAC powder mixture was pressed to form tabs that were analyzed in a climatic chamber, which is evidence for an active role of PDAC in the improvement of water sorption, coupled with a significant enhancement of mechanical resistance upon hydration/dehydration cycling. Therefore, the addition of the polyelectrolyte is proposed as an innovative approach in the fabrication of efficient and durable TES devices. View Full-Text
Keywords: thermal energy storage; thermochemical energy storage; salt hydration; composite materials; heat transfer; mass transfer thermal energy storage; thermochemical energy storage; salt hydration; composite materials; heat transfer; mass transfer
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Salviati, S.; Carosio, F.; Saracco, G.; Fina, A. Hydrated Salt/Graphite/Polyelectrolyte Organic-Inorganic Hybrids for Efficient Thermochemical Storage. Nanomaterials 2019, 9, 420.

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