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Metal/Semiconductor Nanocomposites for Photocatalysis: Fundamentals, Structures, Applications and Properties

School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
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Nanomaterials 2019, 9(3), 359; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9030359
Received: 1 February 2019 / Revised: 16 February 2019 / Accepted: 19 February 2019 / Published: 4 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Photoactive Nanomaterials)
Due to the capability of utilizing light energy to drive chemical reactions, photocatalysis has been widely accepted as a green technology to help us address the increasingly severe environment and energy issues facing human society. To date, a large amount of research has been devoted to enhancing the properties of photocatalysts. As reported, coupling semiconductors with metals is one of the most effective methods to achieve high-performance photocatalysts. The excellent properties of metal/semiconductor (M/S) nanocomposite photocatalysts originate in two aspects: (a) improved charge separation at the metal-semiconductor interface; and (b) increased absorption of visible light due to the surface plasmon resonance of metals. So far, many M/S nanocomposite photocatalysts with different structures have been developed for the application in environmental remediation, selective organic transformation, hydrogen evolution, and disinfection. Herein, we will give a review on the M/S nanocomposite photocatalysts, regarding their fundamentals, structures (as well as their typical synthetic approaches), applications and properties. Finally, we will also present our perspective on the future development of M/S nanocomposite photocatalysts. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanocomposite photocatalyst; environmental remediation; selective organic transformation; hydrogen evolution; disinfection nanocomposite photocatalyst; environmental remediation; selective organic transformation; hydrogen evolution; disinfection
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fu, Y.-s.; Li, J.; Li, J. Metal/Semiconductor Nanocomposites for Photocatalysis: Fundamentals, Structures, Applications and Properties. Nanomaterials 2019, 9, 359. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9030359

AMA Style

Fu Y-s, Li J, Li J. Metal/Semiconductor Nanocomposites for Photocatalysis: Fundamentals, Structures, Applications and Properties. Nanomaterials. 2019; 9(3):359. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9030359

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fu, Yong-sheng; Li, Jun; Li, Jianguo. 2019. "Metal/Semiconductor Nanocomposites for Photocatalysis: Fundamentals, Structures, Applications and Properties" Nanomaterials 9, no. 3: 359. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9030359

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