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Nanomaterials 2019, 9(3), 330;

Rotational Dynamics of Linkers in Metal–Organic Frameworks

Catalysis Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, Delft University of Technology, 2629 Delft, The Netherlands
DPI, P.O. Box 902, 5600 AX Eindhoven, The Netherlands
Chimie ParisTech, PSL University, CNRS, Institut de Recherche de Chimie Paris, 75005 Paris, France
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 January 2019 / Revised: 14 February 2019 / Accepted: 18 February 2019 / Published: 2 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Thermo-Mechanical Properties of Metal Organic Frameworks)


Among the numerous fascinating properties of metal–organic frameworks (MOFs), their rotational dynamics is perhaps one of the most intriguing, with clear consequences for adsorption and separation of molecules, as well as for optical and mechanical properties. A closer look at the rotational mobility in MOF linkers reveals that it is not only a considerably widespread phenomenon, but also a fairly diverse one. Still, the impact of these dynamics is often understated. In this review, we address the various mechanisms of linker rotation reported in the growing collection of literature, followed by a highlight of the methods currently used in their study, and we conclude with the impacts that such dynamics have on existing and future applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: metal–organic frameworks; linker dynamics; rotation; gate-opening effect; 2H NMR; computational chemistry metal–organic frameworks; linker dynamics; rotation; gate-opening effect; 2H NMR; computational chemistry

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Gonzalez-Nelson, A.; Coudert, F.-X.; van der Veen, M.A. Rotational Dynamics of Linkers in Metal–Organic Frameworks. Nanomaterials 2019, 9, 330.

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