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Open AccessArticle

Polyol-Mediated Synthesis of Nitrogen-Containing Carbon-Dots from Tetracyanobenzene with Intense Red Fluorescence

Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Engesserstrasse 15, 76131 Karlsruhe, Germany
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Nanomaterials 2019, 9(10), 1470; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9101470
Received: 2 September 2019 / Revised: 9 October 2019 / Accepted: 13 October 2019 / Published: 16 October 2019
Nitrogen-containing C-dots were prepared by heating (160 °C, 1 h) 1,2,4,5-tetracyanobenzene (TCB) in polyethylene glycol 400 (PEG400). The as-prepared monocrystalline C-dots were 2–4 nm in diameter and contained 24.4 wt. % of nitrogen. They showed intense fluorescence under excitation at 400–500 nm as well as under excitation at 600–700 nm. In addition to an excitation-wavelength-depending emission at 400 to 650 nm, the emission spectra exhibited a strong emission peaking at 715 nm, whose position was independent from the wavelength of excitation. For this deep-red emission a remarkable quantum yield of 69% was detected. The synthesis of nitrogen-containing C-dotswas completely performed in the liquid phase. Moreover, the C-dots could be directly dispersed in water. The resulting aqueous suspensions of PEG400-stabilized nitrogen-containing C-dots also showed intense red emission that was visible to the naked eye. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon dot; 1,2,4,5-tetracyanobenzene; polyol synthesis; nitrogen containing; red emission carbon dot; 1,2,4,5-tetracyanobenzene; polyol synthesis; nitrogen containing; red emission
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lehmacher, R.; Feldmann, C. Polyol-Mediated Synthesis of Nitrogen-Containing Carbon-Dots from Tetracyanobenzene with Intense Red Fluorescence. Nanomaterials 2019, 9, 1470.

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