In this paper, we focus on transmission behavior based on the single aperture with a scatter. Both the near-field enhancement and polarization selection can be achieved numerically with a proposed nano-system under He-Ne laser wavelength. The nano-system consists of an Ag antenna, a wafer layer, an Ag film with an aperture and a dielectric substrate. Numerical results show that the near-field enhancement is related to the FP-like resonance base on surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) in the metal–isolator–metal (MIM) waveguide for transverse magnetic (TM) polarization. The near-field optical spot is confined at the aperture export with a maximal electric intensity 20 times the value of the incident field for an antenna length of 430 nm. The transmission cutoff phenomenon for transverse electric (TE) polarization is because the transmission is forbidden for smaller aperture width. High extinction ratios of 9.6×10-8 (or 70.2 dB) and 4.4×10-8 (or 73.6 dB) with antenna lengths of 130 nm and 430 nm are achieved numerically with the nano-system. The polarization selective property has a good angular tolerance for oblique angles smaller than 15°. The spectral response is also investigated. We further demonstrate that the nano-system is applicable for another incident wavelength of 500 nm. Our investigation may be beneficial for the detection of polar molecules or local nano polarized nanosource.
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