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Engineering Surface and Optical Properties of TiO2-Coated Electrospun PVDF Nanofibers Via Controllable Self-Assembly

1
College of Civil Engineering, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China
2
College of Chemical Engineering, Guangdong University of Petrochemical Technology, Maoming 525000, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nanomaterials 2018, 8(9), 741; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano8090741
Received: 21 August 2018 / Revised: 11 September 2018 / Accepted: 14 September 2018 / Published: 19 September 2018
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Abstract

Understanding the effect of a porous TiO2 nanolayer on the optical scattering and absorption through electrospun fibers is of great importance for the design and development of advanced optical extinction materials. Based on electrospinning and controllable self-assembly techniques, pure electrospun poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) fibers and TiO2-coated ones with different self-assembly cycles were prepared. The effect of TiO2 self-assembly cycles on surface parameters, e.g., thickness, assembled content, and porosity of the TiO2 nanolayer were determined by scanning electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. With an increase in the self-assembly cycles, the TiO2-coated electrospun PVDF fibers presented rougher surfaces and greater average diameters. According to the characterized surface parameters, the effects of the controllable self-assembly on the optical refractive index, absorption index, and infrared extinction were investigated to increase the optical properties of electrospun PVDF fibers. The results indicated that an increase of almost 120–130 cm−1 in infrared extinction could be achieved through the controllable self-assembly with only 5.7 wt. % assembled TiO2 content. This is highly efficient when compared with other coating modes. We believe that this study could give some positive guidance in the design of TiO2-coated electrospun fibers for improving their surface and optical properties. View Full-Text
Keywords: TiO2; PVDF; electrospinning; self-assembly; extinction; refractive index TiO2; PVDF; electrospinning; self-assembly; extinction; refractive index
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Yang, J.; He, F.; Wu, H.; Liang, Y.; Wang, Y.; Sun, Z. Engineering Surface and Optical Properties of TiO2-Coated Electrospun PVDF Nanofibers Via Controllable Self-Assembly. Nanomaterials 2018, 8, 741.

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