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Nanomaterials 2018, 8(6), 428; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano8060428

Optimization of Malachite Green Removal from Water by TiO2 Nanoparticles under UV Irradiation

1
,
1,2
and
1,*
1
Chongqing Institute of Green and Intelligent Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chongqing 400714, China
2
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 May 2018 / Revised: 7 June 2018 / Accepted: 7 June 2018 / Published: 13 June 2018
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Abstract

TiO2 nanoparticles with surface porosity were prepared by a simple and efficient method and presented for the removal of malachite green (MG), a representative organic pollutant, from aqueous solution. Photocatalytic degradation experiments were systematically conducted to investigate the influence of TiO2 dosage, pH value, and initial concentrations of MG. The kinetics of the reaction were monitored via UV spectroscopy and the kinetic process can be well predicted by the pseudo first-order model. The rate constants of the reaction kinetics were found to decrease as the initial MG concentration increased; increased via elevated pH value at a certain amount of TiO2 dosage. The maximum efficiency of photocatalytic degradation was obtained when the TiO2 dosage, pH value and initial concentrations of MG were 0.6 g/L, 8 and 10−5 mol/L (M), respectively. Results from this study provide a novel optimization and an efficient strategy for water pollutant treatment. View Full-Text
Keywords: TiO2; photocatalytic degradation; malachite green; kinetics process; concentration gradient TiO2; photocatalytic degradation; malachite green; kinetics process; concentration gradient
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Ma, Y.; Ni, M.; Li, S. Optimization of Malachite Green Removal from Water by TiO2 Nanoparticles under UV Irradiation. Nanomaterials 2018, 8, 428.

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