Laser Alloying Advantages by Dry Coating Metallic Powder Mixtures with SiOx Nanoparticles
AbstractUp to now, minimizing segregation of free-flowing, microscale metal powder mixtures driven by different mass density is an open challenge. In this work, effects of particle size variation on homogeneity of Al-Cu mixtures, with a density ratio of 3.3, are examined. Dry coating Al particles with 0.3 wt% fumed silica SiOx nanoparticles significantly decreases interparticle attraction. This enlarges the range of free-flowing Al particle sizes to < 20 µm. Powder mixture homogeneity is examined optically in vibrated bulk powder and thinly spread layers. From various powder mixtures, solid samples are built layer by layer with the Additive Manufacturing (3D printing) technology Laser Beam Melting in metal powder bed (LBM). Chemical homogeneity of solids is evaluated via energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, backscattered electron microscopy, metallographic analysis and tensile tests. Persistent homogeneity of Al-Cu powder mixtures and LBM solids is found only with particles < 20 µm dry coated with SiOx nanoparticles. Observed segregation phenomena are explained with a decrease in particle mobility at increasing local concentration and the decreasing effectiveness of mass in smaller particles. The main effects are based on geometry, so they are expected to be transferrable to other nanoparticles, alloying components and powder bed technologies, e.g., binder jetting. View Full-Text
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Karg, M.C.H.; Rasch, M.; Schmidt, K.; Spitzer, S.A.E.; Karsten, T.F.; Schlaug, D.; Biaciu, C.-R.; Gorunov, A.I.; Schmidt, M. Laser Alloying Advantages by Dry Coating Metallic Powder Mixtures with SiOx Nanoparticles. Nanomaterials 2018, 8, 862.
Karg MCH, Rasch M, Schmidt K, Spitzer SAE, Karsten TF, Schlaug D, Biaciu C-R, Gorunov AI, Schmidt M. Laser Alloying Advantages by Dry Coating Metallic Powder Mixtures with SiOx Nanoparticles. Nanomaterials. 2018; 8(10):862.Chicago/Turabian Style
Karg, Michael C.H.; Rasch, Michael; Schmidt, Konstantin; Spitzer, Sophia A.E.; Karsten, Till F.; Schlaug, Daniel; Biaciu, Cosmin-Rudolf; Gorunov, Andrey I.; Schmidt, Michael. 2018. "Laser Alloying Advantages by Dry Coating Metallic Powder Mixtures with SiOx Nanoparticles." Nanomaterials 8, no. 10: 862.
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