Next Article in Journal
Cationic Biomimetic Particles of Polystyrene/Cationic Bilayer/Gramicidin for Optimal Bactericidal Activity
Previous Article in Journal
Improved In Vivo Efficacy of Anti-Hypertensive Biopeptides Encapsulated in Chitosan Nanoparticles Fabricated by Ionotropic Gelation on Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats
Open AccessArticle

Physico-Chemical and Electrochemical Properties of Nanoparticulate NiO/C Composites for High Performance Lithium and Sodium Ion Battery Anodes

1
Departamento de Química Inorgánica, Universidad del País Vasco UPV/EHU, P.O. Box 644, 48080 Bilbao, Spain
2
BCMATERIALS, Ibaizabal Bidea 500, Parque Científico y Tecnológico de Bizkaia, 48160 Derio, Spain
3
CIC energiGUNE, Parque Tecnolóogico de Álava, Albert Einstein 48, 01510 Miñano, Álava, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nanomaterials 2017, 7(12), 423; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano7120423
Received: 31 October 2017 / Revised: 20 November 2017 / Accepted: 27 November 2017 / Published: 2 December 2017
Nanoparticulate NiO and NiO/C composites with different carbon proportions have been prepared for anode application in lithium and sodium ion batteries. Structural characterization demonstrated the presence of metallic Ni in the composites. Morphological study revealed that the NiO and Ni nanoparticles were well dispersed in the matrix of amorphous carbon. The electrochemical study showed that the lithium ion batteries (LIBs), containing composites with carbon, have promising electrochemical performances, delivering specific discharge capacities of 550 mAh/g after operating for 100 cycles at 1C. These excellent results could be explained by the homogeneity of particle size and structure, as well as the uniform distribution of NiO/Ni nanoparticles in the in situ generated amorphous carbon matrix. On the other hand, the sodium ion battery (NIB) with the NiO/C composite revealed a poor cycling stability. Post-mortem analyses revealed that this fact could be ascribed to the absence of a stable Solid Electrolyte Interface (SEI) or passivation layer upon cycling. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanoparticulate NiO; lithium ion batteries; sodium ion batteries nanoparticulate NiO; lithium ion batteries; sodium ion batteries
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Iturrondobeitia, A.; Goñi, A.; Gil de Muro, I.; Lezama, L.; Rojo, T. Physico-Chemical and Electrochemical Properties of Nanoparticulate NiO/C Composites for High Performance Lithium and Sodium Ion Battery Anodes. Nanomaterials 2017, 7, 423.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop