Periodic TiO2 Nanostructures with Improved Aspect and Line/Space Ratio Realized by Colloidal Photolithography Technique
AbstractThis paper presents substantial improvements of the colloidal photolithography technique (also called microsphere lithography) with the goal of better controlling the geometry of the fabricated nano-scale structures—in this case, hexagonally arranged nanopillars—printed in a layer of directly photopatternable sol-gel TiO2. Firstly, to increase the achievable structure height the photosensitive layer underneath the microspheres is deposited on a reflective layer instead of the usual transparent substrate. Secondly, an increased width of the pillars is achieved by tilting the incident wave and using multiple exposures or substrate rotation, additionally allowing to better control the shape of the pillar’s cross section. The theoretical analysis is carried out by rigorous modelling of the photonics nanojet underneath the microspheres and by optimizing the experimental conditions. Aspect ratios (structure height/lateral structure size) greater than 2 are predicted and demonstrated experimentally for structure dimensions in the sub micrometer range, as well as line/space ratios (lateral pillar size/distance between pillars) greater than 1. These nanostructures could lead for example to materials exhibiting efficient light trapping in the visible and near-infrared range, as well as improved hydrophobic or photocatalytic properties for numerous applications in environmental and photovoltaic systems. View Full-Text
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Berthod, L.; Shavdina, O.; Verrier, I.; Kämpfe, T.; Dellea, O.; Vocanson, F.; Bichotte, M.; Jamon, D.; Jourlin, Y. Periodic TiO2 Nanostructures with Improved Aspect and Line/Space Ratio Realized by Colloidal Photolithography Technique. Nanomaterials 2017, 7, 316.
Berthod L, Shavdina O, Verrier I, Kämpfe T, Dellea O, Vocanson F, Bichotte M, Jamon D, Jourlin Y. Periodic TiO2 Nanostructures with Improved Aspect and Line/Space Ratio Realized by Colloidal Photolithography Technique. Nanomaterials. 2017; 7(10):316.Chicago/Turabian Style
Berthod, Loïc; Shavdina, Olga; Verrier, Isabelle; Kämpfe, Thomas; Dellea, Olivier; Vocanson, Francis; Bichotte, Maxime; Jamon, Damien; Jourlin, Yves. 2017. "Periodic TiO2 Nanostructures with Improved Aspect and Line/Space Ratio Realized by Colloidal Photolithography Technique." Nanomaterials 7, no. 10: 316.
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