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Article

Growth and Strain Modulation of GeSn Alloys for Photonic and Electronic Applications

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Key Laboratory of Microelectronic Devices & Integrated Technology, Institute of Microelectronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China
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School of Integrated Circuits, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
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Beijing Superstring Academy of Memory Technology, Beijing 100176, China
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School of Integrated Circuits, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100086, China
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Research and Development Center of Optoelectronic Hybrid IC, Guangdong Greater Bay Area Institute of Integrated Circuit and System, Guangzhou 510535, China
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Research and Development Center of High Frequency and High Voltage Devices and Integration, Institute of Microelectronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China
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NAURA Technology Group Co., Ltd., Beijing 100176, China
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Fert Beijing Institute, School of Integrated Science and Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China
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Department of Electronics Design, Mid Sweden University, Holmgatan 10, 85170 Sundsvall, Sweden
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Konstantins Jefimovs
Nanomaterials 2022, 12(6), 981; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano12060981
Received: 29 January 2022 / Revised: 5 March 2022 / Accepted: 8 March 2022 / Published: 16 March 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Silicon-Based Nanostructures: Fabrication and Characterization)
GeSn materials have attracted considerable attention for their tunable band structures and high carrier mobilities, which serve well for future photonic and electronic applications. This research presents a novel method to incorporate Sn content as high as 18% into GeSn layers grown at 285–320 °C by using SnCl4 and GeH4 precursors. A series of characterizations were performed to study the material quality, strain, surface roughness, and optical properties of GeSn layers. The Sn content could be calculated using lattice mismatch parameters provided by X-ray analysis. The strain in GeSn layers was modulated from fully strained to partially strained by etching Ge buffer into Ge/GeSn heterostructures . In this study, two categories of samples were prepared when the Ge buffer was either laterally etched onto Si wafers, or vertically etched Ge/GeSnOI wafers which bonded to the oxide. In the latter case, the Ge buffer was initially etched step-by-step for the strain relaxation study. Meanwhile, the Ge/GeSn heterostructure in the first group of samples was patterned into the form of micro-disks. The Ge buffer was selectively etched by using a CF4/O2 gas mixture using a plasma etch tool. Fully or partially relaxed GeSn micro-disks showed photoluminescence (PL) at room temperature. PL results showed that red-shift was clearly observed from the GeSn micro-disk structure, indicating that the compressive strain in the as-grown GeSn material was partially released. Our results pave the path for the growth of high quality GeSn layers with high Sn content, in addition to methods for modulating the strain for lasing and detection of short-wavelength infrared at room temperature. View Full-Text
Keywords: GeSn growth; selective etch; strain modulation; RPCVD GeSn growth; selective etch; strain modulation; RPCVD
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kong, Z.; Wang, G.; Liang, R.; Su, J.; Xun, M.; Miao, Y.; Gu, S.; Li, J.; Cao, K.; Lin, H.; Li, B.; Ren, Y.; Li, J.; Xu, J.; Radamson, H.H. Growth and Strain Modulation of GeSn Alloys for Photonic and Electronic Applications. Nanomaterials 2022, 12, 981. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano12060981

AMA Style

Kong Z, Wang G, Liang R, Su J, Xun M, Miao Y, Gu S, Li J, Cao K, Lin H, Li B, Ren Y, Li J, Xu J, Radamson HH. Growth and Strain Modulation of GeSn Alloys for Photonic and Electronic Applications. Nanomaterials. 2022; 12(6):981. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano12060981

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kong, Zhenzhen, Guilei Wang, Renrong Liang, Jiale Su, Meng Xun, Yuanhao Miao, Shihai Gu, Junjie Li, Kaihua Cao, Hongxiao Lin, Ben Li, Yuhui Ren, Junfeng Li, Jun Xu, and Henry H. Radamson. 2022. "Growth and Strain Modulation of GeSn Alloys for Photonic and Electronic Applications" Nanomaterials 12, no. 6: 981. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano12060981

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