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Review

Carbon Nanomaterials Modified Biomimetic Dental Implants for Diabetic Patients

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School of Mechanical, Medical and Process Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Brisbane, QLD 4000, Australia
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Centre for Biomedical Technologies, Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Brisbane, QLD 4000, Australia
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School of Engineering, College of Engineering and Computer Science, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 2600, Australia
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The Australia-China Centre for Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine (ACCTERM), Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Brisbane, QLD 4000, Australia
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School of Chemistry and Physics, Faculty of Science, Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Brisbane, QLD 4000, Australia
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Centre for Materials Science, Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Brisbane, QLD 4000, Australia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Dimitrios Kontziampasis and Maria Kitsara
Nanomaterials 2021, 11(11), 2977; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano11112977
Received: 15 October 2021 / Revised: 27 October 2021 / Accepted: 1 November 2021 / Published: 5 November 2021
Dental implants are used broadly in dental clinics as the most natural-looking restoration option for replacing missing or highly diseased teeth. However, dental implant failure is a crucial issue for diabetic patients in need of dentition restoration, particularly when a lack of osseointegration and immunoregulatory incompetency occur during the healing phase, resulting in infection and fibrous encapsulation. Bio-inspired or biomimetic materials, which can mimic the characteristics of natural elements, are being investigated for use in the implant industry. This review discusses different biomimetic dental implants in terms of structural changes that enable antibacterial properties, drug delivery, immunomodulation, and osseointegration. We subsequently summarize the modification of dental implants for diabetes patients utilizing carbon nanomaterials, which have been recently found to improve the characteristics of biomimetic dental implants, including through antibacterial and anti-inflammatory capabilities, and by offering drug delivery properties that are essential for the success of dental implants. View Full-Text
Keywords: biomimetic; dental implants; carbon; nanomaterials; diabetes mellitus biomimetic; dental implants; carbon; nanomaterials; diabetes mellitus
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MDPI and ACS Style

Vijay, R.; Mendhi, J.; Prasad, K.; Xiao, Y.; MacLeod, J.; Ostrikov, K.; Zhou, Y. Carbon Nanomaterials Modified Biomimetic Dental Implants for Diabetic Patients. Nanomaterials 2021, 11, 2977. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano11112977

AMA Style

Vijay R, Mendhi J, Prasad K, Xiao Y, MacLeod J, Ostrikov K, Zhou Y. Carbon Nanomaterials Modified Biomimetic Dental Implants for Diabetic Patients. Nanomaterials. 2021; 11(11):2977. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano11112977

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vijay, Renjini, Jayanti Mendhi, Karthika Prasad, Yin Xiao, Jennifer MacLeod, Kostya Ostrikov, and Yinghong Zhou. 2021. "Carbon Nanomaterials Modified Biomimetic Dental Implants for Diabetic Patients" Nanomaterials 11, no. 11: 2977. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano11112977

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