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Article

New Limits for Stability of Supercapacitor Electrode Material Based on Graphene Derivative

1
Regional Centre of Advanced Technologies and Materials, Faculty of Science, Palacký University, Šlechtitelů 27, 78371 Olomouc, Czech Republic
2
Department of Physical Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Palacký University, 17. Listopadu 1192/12, 77900 Olomouc, Czech Republic
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Nanomaterials 2020, 10(9), 1731; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10091731
Received: 29 July 2020 / Revised: 24 August 2020 / Accepted: 28 August 2020 / Published: 31 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Graphene-Related Materials: Synthesis and Applications)
Supercapacitors offer a promising alternative to batteries, especially due to their excellent power density and fast charging rate capability. However, the cycling stability and material synthesis reproducibility need to be significantly improved to enhance the reliability and durability of supercapacitors in practical applications. Graphene acid (GA) is a conductive graphene derivative dispersible in water that can be prepared on a large scale from fluorographene. Here, we report a synthesis protocol with high reproducibility for preparing GA. The charging/discharging rate stability and cycling stability of GA were tested in a two-electrode cell with a sulfuric acid electrolyte. The rate stability test revealed that GA could be repeatedly measured at current densities ranging from 1 to 20 A g−1 without any capacitance loss. The cycling stability experiment showed that even after 60,000 cycles, the material kept 95.3% of its specific capacitance at a high current density of 3 A g−1. The findings suggested that covalent graphene derivatives are lightweight electrode materials suitable for developing supercapacitors with extremely high durability. View Full-Text
Keywords: graphene acid; supercapacitor; pseudocapacitance; cycling stability graphene acid; supercapacitor; pseudocapacitance; cycling stability
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MDPI and ACS Style

Šedajová, V.; Jakubec, P.; Bakandritsos, A.; Ranc, V.; Otyepka, M. New Limits for Stability of Supercapacitor Electrode Material Based on Graphene Derivative. Nanomaterials 2020, 10, 1731. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10091731

AMA Style

Šedajová V, Jakubec P, Bakandritsos A, Ranc V, Otyepka M. New Limits for Stability of Supercapacitor Electrode Material Based on Graphene Derivative. Nanomaterials. 2020; 10(9):1731. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10091731

Chicago/Turabian Style

Šedajová, Veronika, Petr Jakubec, Aristides Bakandritsos, Václav Ranc, and Michal Otyepka. 2020. "New Limits for Stability of Supercapacitor Electrode Material Based on Graphene Derivative" Nanomaterials 10, no. 9: 1731. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10091731

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