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Open AccessReview

The Potential of Silver Nanoparticles for Antiviral and Antibacterial Applications: A Mechanism of Action

1
Centre for Tissue Engineering & Regenerative Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 56000, Malaysia
2
Department of Chemical and Process Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi 43600, Malaysia
3
Department of Internal Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre (UKMMC), Kuala Lumpur 56000, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nanomaterials 2020, 10(8), 1566; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10081566
Received: 8 July 2020 / Revised: 15 July 2020 / Accepted: 18 July 2020 / Published: 9 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Antibacterial Activity of Nanoparticles)
Rapid development of nanotechnology has been in high demand, especially for silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) since they have been proven to be useful in various fields such as medicine, textiles, and household appliances. AgNPs are very important because of their unique physicochemical and antimicrobial properties, with a myriad of activities that are applicable in various fields, including wound care management. This review aimed to elucidate the underlying mechanisms of AgNPs that are responsible for their antiviral properties and their antibacterial activity towards the microorganisms. AgNPs can be synthesized through three different methods—physical, chemical, and biological synthesis—as indicated in this review. The applications and limitations of the AgNPs such as their cytotoxicity towards humans and the environment, will be discussed. Based on the literature search obtained, the properties of AgNPs scrutinizing the antibacterial or antiviral effect shown different interaction towards bacteria which dependent on the synthesis processes followed by the morphological structure of AgNPs. View Full-Text
Keywords: silver nanoparticles; antimicrobials; mechanism of action; antiviral; cytotoxicity; nanotechnology silver nanoparticles; antimicrobials; mechanism of action; antiviral; cytotoxicity; nanotechnology
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MDPI and ACS Style

Salleh, A.; Naomi, R.; Utami, N.D.; Mohammad, A.W.; Mahmoudi, E.; Mustafa, N.; Fauzi, M.B. The Potential of Silver Nanoparticles for Antiviral and Antibacterial Applications: A Mechanism of Action. Nanomaterials 2020, 10, 1566. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10081566

AMA Style

Salleh A, Naomi R, Utami ND, Mohammad AW, Mahmoudi E, Mustafa N, Fauzi MB. The Potential of Silver Nanoparticles for Antiviral and Antibacterial Applications: A Mechanism of Action. Nanomaterials. 2020; 10(8):1566. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10081566

Chicago/Turabian Style

Salleh, Atiqah; Naomi, Ruth; Utami, Nike D.; Mohammad, Abdul W.; Mahmoudi, Ebrahim; Mustafa, Norlaila; Fauzi, Mh B. 2020. "The Potential of Silver Nanoparticles for Antiviral and Antibacterial Applications: A Mechanism of Action" Nanomaterials 10, no. 8: 1566. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10081566

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