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Open AccessArticle

Suppression of Electric Field-Induced Segregation in Sky-Blue Perovskite Light-Emitting Electrochemical Cells

1
Department of Physics and Engineering, ITMO University, 197101 St. Petersburg, Russia
2
Center for Physical Sciences and Technology, LT-10257 Vilnius, Lithuania
3
University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, TX 75080, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Nanomaterials 2020, 10(10), 1937; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10101937
Received: 9 September 2020 / Revised: 24 September 2020 / Accepted: 27 September 2020 / Published: 29 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Perovskite Nanophotonics)
Inexpensive perovskite light-emitting devices fabricated by a simple wet chemical approach have recently demonstrated very prospective characteristics such as narrowband emission, low turn-on bias, high brightness, and high external quantum efficiency of electroluminescence, and have presented a good alternative to well-established technology of epitaxially grown III-V semiconducting alloys. Engineering of highly efficient perovskite light-emitting devices emitting green, red, and near-infrared light has been demonstrated in numerous reports and has faced no major fundamental limitations. On the contrary, the devices emitting blue light, in particular, based on 3D mixed-halide perovskites, suffer from electric field-induced phase separation (segregation). This crystal lattice defect-mediated phenomenon results in an undesirable color change of electroluminescence. Here we report a novel approach towards the suppression of the segregation in single-layer perovskite light-emitting electrochemical cells. Co-crystallization of direct band gap CsPb(Cl,Br)3 and indirect band gap Cs4Pb(Cl,Br)6 phases in the presence of poly(ethylene oxide) during a thin film deposition affords passivation of surface defect states and an increase in the density of photoexcited charge carriers in CsPb(Cl,Br)3 grains. Furthermore, the hexahalide phase prevents the dissociation of the emissive grains in the strong electric field during the device operation. Entirely resistant to 5.7 × 106 V·m1 electric field-driven segregation light-emitting electrochemical cell exhibits stable emission at wavelength 479 nm with maximum external quantum efficiency 0.7%, maximum brightness 47 cd·m2, and turn-on bias of 2.5 V. View Full-Text
Keywords: blue perovskite LEC; solvent engineering; perovskite-polymer thin film; surface defect passivation; electric field-induced segregation blue perovskite LEC; solvent engineering; perovskite-polymer thin film; surface defect passivation; electric field-induced segregation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Liashenko, T.G.; Pushkarev, A.P.; Naujokaitis, A.; Pakštas, V.; Franckevičius, M.; Zakhidov, A.A.; Makarov, S.V. Suppression of Electric Field-Induced Segregation in Sky-Blue Perovskite Light-Emitting Electrochemical Cells. Nanomaterials 2020, 10, 1937. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10101937

AMA Style

Liashenko TG, Pushkarev AP, Naujokaitis A, Pakštas V, Franckevičius M, Zakhidov AA, Makarov SV. Suppression of Electric Field-Induced Segregation in Sky-Blue Perovskite Light-Emitting Electrochemical Cells. Nanomaterials. 2020; 10(10):1937. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10101937

Chicago/Turabian Style

Liashenko, Tatiana G.; Pushkarev, Anatoly P.; Naujokaitis, Arnas; Pakštas, Vidas; Franckevičius, Marius; Zakhidov, Anvar A.; Makarov, Sergey V. 2020. "Suppression of Electric Field-Induced Segregation in Sky-Blue Perovskite Light-Emitting Electrochemical Cells" Nanomaterials 10, no. 10: 1937. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10101937

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