A Critical Review on Metallic Glasses as Structural Materials for Cardiovascular Stent Applications
AbstractFunctional and mechanical properties of novel biomaterials must be carefully evaluated to guarantee long-term biocompatibility and structural integrity of implantable medical devices. Owing to the combination of metallic bonding and amorphous structure, metallic glasses (MGs) exhibit extraordinary properties superior to conventional crystalline metallic alloys, placing them at the frontier of biomaterials research. MGs have potential to improve corrosion resistance, biocompatibility, strength, and longevity of biomedical implants, and hence are promising materials for cardiovascular stent applications. Nevertheless, while functional properties and biocompatibility of MGs have been widely investigated and validated, a solid understanding of their mechanical performance during different stages in stent applications is still scarce. In this review, we provide a brief, yet comprehensive account on the general aspects of MGs regarding their formation, processing, structure, mechanical, and chemical properties. More specifically, we focus on the additive manufacturing (AM) of MGs, their outstanding high strength and resilience, and their fatigue properties. The interconnection between processing, structure and mechanical behaviour of MGs is highlighted. We further review the main categories of cardiovascular stents, the required mechanical properties of each category, and the conventional materials have been using to address these requirements. Then, we bridge between the mechanical requirements of stents, structural properties of MGs, and the corresponding stent design caveats. In particular, we discuss our recent findings on the feasibility of using MGs in self-expandable stents where our results show that a metallic glass based aortic stent can be crimped without mechanical failure. We further justify the safe deployment of this stent in human descending aorta. It is our intent with this review to inspire biodevice developers toward the realization of MG-based stents. View Full-Text
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Jafary-Zadeh, M.; Praveen Kumar, G.; Branicio, P.S.; Seifi, M.; Lewandowski, J.J.; Cui, F. A Critical Review on Metallic Glasses as Structural Materials for Cardiovascular Stent Applications. J. Funct. Biomater. 2018, 9, 19.
Jafary-Zadeh M, Praveen Kumar G, Branicio PS, Seifi M, Lewandowski JJ, Cui F. A Critical Review on Metallic Glasses as Structural Materials for Cardiovascular Stent Applications. Journal of Functional Biomaterials. 2018; 9(1):19.Chicago/Turabian Style
Jafary-Zadeh, Mehdi; Praveen Kumar, Gideon; Branicio, Paulo S.; Seifi, Mohsen; Lewandowski, John J.; Cui, Fangsen. 2018. "A Critical Review on Metallic Glasses as Structural Materials for Cardiovascular Stent Applications." J. Funct. Biomater. 9, no. 1: 19.
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