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Computer-Based Collaborative Problem Solving in PISA 2015 and the Role of Personality

1
Psychologie und Pädagogik, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, 80802 Munich, Germany
2
Computer Based Assessment, University of Luxembourg, Esch-Sur-Alzette, L-4366 Luxembourg, Luxembourg
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Maida Mustafić is now at the Institute Humans in Complex Systems, School of Applied Psychology, University of Applied Sciences an Arts Northwestern Switzerland, 4600 Olten, Switzerland.
Received: 25 April 2019 / Revised: 12 June 2019 / Accepted: 19 June 2019 / Published: 1 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Collective Intelligence: Individual and Team Ability)
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Abstract

Collaborative problem solving (CPS) is an essential 21st century skill at the intersection of social collaboration and cognitive problem solving, and is increasingly integrated in educational programs, such as the influential Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA). As research has identified the impact of the Big Five personality traits either on cognitive ability or social collaboration skills in groups, this study firstly identified their impact on the conjoint construct of CPS. Results from structural equation modelling (N = 483) found openness to experience and agreeableness as predictors for CPS performance. The results are embedded in the lifelong learning and investment model by Ackermann and provide implications for PISA 2015, as original PISA 2015 CPS tasks were used. View Full-Text
Keywords: collaborative problem solving; PISA 2015; assessment; big five; personality; agent technologies collaborative problem solving; PISA 2015; assessment; big five; personality; agent technologies
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Stadler, M.; Herborn, K.; Mustafić, M.; Greiff, S. Computer-Based Collaborative Problem Solving in PISA 2015 and the Role of Personality. J. Intell. 2019, 7, 15.

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