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Open AccessArticle

Ontology-Mediated Historical Data Modeling: Theoretical and Practical Tools for an Integrated Construction of the Past

1
Department of History and Archaeology, Universitat de Barcelona, 08001 Barcelona, Spain
2
Sistemes de Gestió de Patrimoni SCCL, 08004 Barcelona, Spain
3
Centre d’Estudis Martorellencs, 08760 Martorell, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Information 2020, 11(4), 182; https://doi.org/10.3390/info11040182
Received: 26 February 2020 / Revised: 20 March 2020 / Accepted: 26 March 2020 / Published: 28 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Digital Humanities)
Building upon the concepts of constructed past theory, this paper introduces the outcome of ontology-mediated data modeling developed by the authors within the last 15 years. Assuming that the past is something constructed through reflection of former times, one of our major concerns is guaranteeing the traceability of the construction process of an integrated historical discourse built from all available sources of information, regardless of their origin or nature. Therefore, by means of defining key concepts such as ‘unit of topography’ and ‘actor’, we created an information system for data gathering and exploitation and applied it to some experiences of construction of the past. When applied within the archaeological domain, the result is an archaeological information system interoperable with other sources of historical information. Its strength is that it ensures the traceability of the process from the beginning avoiding the introduction and repetition of errors within the system. Along with the main case example developed in this paper, we also summarize some other data modeling examples within the same conceptual framework. View Full-Text
Keywords: unit of topography; unit of stratigraphy; information system; actor; history; archaeology; database unit of topography; unit of stratigraphy; information system; actor; history; archaeology; database
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Travé Allepuz, E.; del Fresno Bernal, P.; Mauri Martí, A. Ontology-Mediated Historical Data Modeling: Theoretical and Practical Tools for an Integrated Construction of the Past. Information 2020, 11, 182.

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