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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

One Archaeology: A Manifesto for the Systematic and Effective Use of Mapped Data from Archaeological Fieldwork and Research

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Historic Environment Scotland, John Sinclair House, 16 Bernard Terrace, Edinburgh, Scotland EH8 9NX, UK
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The Discovery Programme, 6 Mount Street Lower, D02 T670 Dublin, Ireland
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Swedish National Heritage Board, Storgatan 41, SE-114 84 Stockholm, Sweden
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INRAP, 121 Rue d’Alésia, CS 20007, 75685 Paris, France
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Keltenwelt am Glauberg, Am Glauberg 1, 63695 Glauberg, Germany
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Flanders Heritage Agency, Flanders Heritage Agency, Herman Teirlinckgebouw, Havenlaan 88 bus 5, 1000 Brussels, Belgium
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Archaeology Data Service, Department of Archaeology, University of York, The Kings Manor, York YO1 7EP, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Information 2020, 11(4), 222; https://doi.org/10.3390/info11040222
Received: 27 February 2020 / Revised: 9 April 2020 / Accepted: 14 April 2020 / Published: 17 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Digital Humanities)
The Infrastructure for Spatial Information in Europe (INSPIRE) Directive (2007) requires public organisations across Europe to share environmentally-related spatial datasets to support decision making and management of the environment. Despite the environmental focus of INSPIRE, it offers limited guidance for archaeological datasets. Most primary data is created outside, but ultimately curated within, the public sector. As spatial evidence from fieldwork activities is not considered by the Directive, it overlooks a range of barriers to sharing data, such as project-based fieldwork, a lack of data standards, and formatting and licencing variations. This paper submits that these challenges are best addressed through the formalised management of primary research data through an archaeological Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI). SDIs deliver more efficient data management and release economic value by saving time and money. Better stewardship of archaeological data will also lead to more informed research and stewardship of the historic environment. ARIADNE already provides a digital infrastructure for research data, but the landscape and spatial component has been largely overlooked. However, rather than developing a separate solution, the full potential of spatial data from archaeological research can and should be realised through ARIADNE. View Full-Text
Keywords: archaeology; geospatial data; spatial data infrastructures; data management archaeology; geospatial data; spatial data infrastructures; data management
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McKeague, P.; Corns, A.; Larsson, Å.; Moreau, A.; Posluschny, A.; Van Daele, K.; Evans, T. One Archaeology: A Manifesto for the Systematic and Effective Use of Mapped Data from Archaeological Fieldwork and Research. Information 2020, 11, 222.

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