Application of Machine Learning Models for Survival Prognosis in Breast Cancer Studies†
AbstractThe application of machine learning models for prediction and prognosis of disease development has become an irrevocable part of cancer studies aimed at improving the subsequent therapy and management of patients. The application of machine learning models for accurate prediction of survival time in breast cancer on the basis of clinical data is the main objective of the presented study. The paper discusses an approach to the problem in which the main factor used to predict survival time is the originally developed tumor-integrated clinical feature, which combines tumor stage, tumor size, and age at diagnosis. Two datasets from corresponding breast cancer studies are united by applying a data integration approach based on horizontal and vertical integration by using proper document-oriented and graph databases which show good performance and no data losses. Aside from data normalization and classification, the applied machine learning methods provide promising results in terms of accuracy of survival time prediction. The analysis of our experiments shows an advantage of the linear Support Vector Regression, Lasso regression, Kernel Ridge regression, K-neighborhood regression, and Decision Tree regression—these models achieve most accurate survival prognosis results. The cross-validation for accuracy demonstrates best performance of the same models on the studied breast cancer data. As a support for the proposed approach, a Python-based workflow has been developed and the plans for its further improvement are finally discussed in the paper. View Full-Text
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Mihaylov, I.; Nisheva, M.; Vassilev, D. Application of Machine Learning Models for Survival Prognosis in Breast Cancer Studies. Information 2019, 10, 93.
Mihaylov I, Nisheva M, Vassilev D. Application of Machine Learning Models for Survival Prognosis in Breast Cancer Studies. Information. 2019; 10(3):93.Chicago/Turabian Style
Mihaylov, Iliyan; Nisheva, Maria; Vassilev, Dimitar. 2019. "Application of Machine Learning Models for Survival Prognosis in Breast Cancer Studies." Information 10, no. 3: 93.
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