Three-way decision is a class of effective ways and heuristics commonly used in human problem solving and information processing. As an application of three-way decision in clustering, three-way clustering uses core region and fringe region to represent a cluster. The identified elements are assigned into the core region and the uncertain elements are assigned into the fringe region in order to reduce decision risk. In this paper, we propose a three-way clustering algorithm based on the ideas of cluster ensemble and three-way decision. In the proposed method, we use hard clustering methods to produce different clustering results and labels matching to align all clustering results to a given order. The intersection of the clusters with the same labels are regarded as the core region. The difference between the union and the intersection of the clusters with the same labels are regarded as the fringe region of the specific cluster. Therefore, a three-way clustering is naturally formed. The results on UCI data sets show that such a strategy is effective in improving the structure of clustering results.
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