“Just as peace is not merely the cessation of war, but a positive ideal, so health is not merely the absence of disease”Sir J. Arthur Thomson, Professor of Natural History, University of Aberdeen, 1921 .
- Given that:
- health is wellness
- high-level wellness of humankind is a primary goal
- planetary health is vital to and inextricably interlinked with high-level wellness
- and humankind must advocate for planetary health, the Canmore Declaration underscores that the critical problems of our time are non-linear and adisciplinary; as such they will require creative solutions with input from diverse perspectives. The starting point for any organization dedicated to health (as opposed to a specific disease or disorder) is contemplation of the word health and its meaning. Whether at scales of the individual, the community, the nation or the planet—whether human, plant or non-human animal life—the questions that must be posed are, “what is health?” and “how does health differ from disease?”
2. Defining Health, Wellness
“HEALTH: (i). The state of an animal or living body, in which the parts are sound, well-organized and disposed, and in which they all perform freely their natural functions; in this state the animal feels no pain; this word is also applied to plants. (ii). Sound state of the mind; natural vigor of faculties. (iii). Sound state of the mind in a moral sense; goodness.”Health as defined in Scientific Dictionary, 1863 
“Wellness is conceptualized as dynamic–a condition of change in which the individual moves forward, climbing toward a higher potential of functioning. High-level wellness for the individual is defined as an integrated method of functioning which is oriented toward maximizing the potential of which the individual is capable, within the environment where [they] are functioning. This definition does not imply that there is an optimum level of wellness, but rather that wellness is a direction in progress toward an ever-higher potential of functioning… high-level wellness, therefore, involves (1) direction in progress forward and upward towards a higher potential of functioning, (2) an open-ended and ever-expanding tomorrow with its challenge to live at a fuller potential, and (3) the integration of the whole being of the total individual—[their] body, mind, and spirit- in the functioning process… high-level wellness is also applicable to organization, to the nation, and to [humankind] as a whole”Halbert L. Dunn, MD, Ph.D. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 1959 
“If we believe in it [high-level wellness], if we are living it every day of our lives, we must speak out on its behalf. We must resist the mechanisms used to distort the truth and to warp our minds into submission. We must strive to open clogged channels of communication. We must strike out… at distortion, prejudice and rule by fear”.
3. Planetary Health
“Even with all our medical technologies, we cannot have well humans on a sick planet. Planetary health is essential for the well-being of every living creature. Future healthcare professionals must envisage their role within this larger context”Thomas Berry, 1992 
“For we dream in narrative, daydream in narrative, remember, anticipate, hope, despair, believe, doubt, plan, revise, criticize, construct, gossip, learn, hate and love by narrative. In order to really live, we make up stories about ourselves and others, about the personal as well as the social past and future” .Professor Barbara Hardy, University of London. 1968
“Developing the new [relational psychology of the Earth], it must, by virtue of the very nature of the task, be a psychology that includes a powerful spiritual element. This will mean, for example, a reanimation of the forests and of nature, which we have so systematically and proudly denuded of their spiritual meaning… by and large we in the West have rejected the language and experience of the sacred, the divine, and the animation of nature. Our psychology is predominantly a psychology of mechanisms, parts, and linear relationships. We have grown suspicious of experiences, no matter how powerful”.
4. inVIVO Planetary Health, 2018 Conference
5. The Canmore Declaration
“The challenge posed by the concept of high-level wellness is how to achieve its ends within everyday living and for [humankind] as a whole. The challenge must be met both by individuals and by society within its various groups, ideologies, races, religions, and cultural patterns. Self-assurance will be needed to meet this challenge. We must have the courage to change ourselves when this is called for and to trust ourselves and our fellow [humans]… to the dictum from the Greeks, “know thyself”, we must mature so that we can add to it, “trust thyself”.”Halbert L. Dunn, Canadian Journal of Public Health, 1959 .
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