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Challenges 2017, 8(2), 20;

Unaffiliated Researchers: A Preliminary Study

Science, Technology & Innovation Policy Program, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies, Tokyo 106-0032, Japan
Received: 23 May 2017 / Revised: 13 August 2017 / Accepted: 14 August 2017 / Published: 17 August 2017
PDF [320 KB, uploaded 17 August 2017]


This paper aims to explore the apparently rising trend of unaffiliated researchers. It does so by analyzing a set of scholarly publications where the authors state “independent researcher” in place of their affiliation. Some of the characteristics of this set are explained along with directions on how to expand research on this topic. View Full-Text
Keywords: unaffiliated researchers; open access; societal impact of research unaffiliated researchers; open access; societal impact of research

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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ElSabry, E. Unaffiliated Researchers: A Preliminary Study. Challenges 2017, 8, 20.

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