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Challenges 2015, 6(1), 42-54;

Indian Farmers’ Perceptions and Willingness to Supply Surplus Biomass to an Envisioned Biomass-Based Power Plant

School of Forest Sciences, University of Eastern Finland, P.O. Box 111, 80101 Joensuu, Finland
The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), Darbari Seth Block, IHC Complex, Lodhi Road, 110003 New Delhi, India
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Andreas Manz
Received: 3 February 2015 / Revised: 20 March 2015 / Accepted: 7 April 2015 / Published: 10 April 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioenergy in the BRICS Countries)
PDF [550 KB, uploaded 7 May 2015]


The main objectives of this socio-technical study are to investigate the Indian farmers’ biomass production capacities and their perceptions and willingness to supply their surplus biomass to fuel an envisioned biomass-based power plant in three selected Indian states: Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. For doing so, 471 farmers (about one-third from each state) have been interviewed in the field with info-sheet filled in by the field investigators. The farmers from all of the states appeared very much willing to sell their surplus biomass directly to a power plant. The farmers seem to depreciate the involvement of a middleman in the biomass procurement process. The farmers, however, appeared to highly appreciate a community-based association to regulate the biomass prices, with varying perceptions regarding government intervention. The majority of the farmers perceived the establishment of a biomass-based power plant in their region with positive economic outcomes. The farmers identified several barriers to supply biomass to a power plant where transportation logistics appeared to be the main barrier. The study recommends considering biomass collection, storage and transportation logistics as a fundamental segment of any envisioned investment in a biomass-based power plant. Biomass processing, such as pelletization or briquetting is recommended for efficient transportation of biomass at longer distances to reduce the transportation costs. The study further encourages the establishment of a farmers’ association aimed at collecting and selling biomass in agriculture areas predominant for small land holdings. View Full-Text
Keywords: perceptions; Indian farmers; biomass; power plant; willingness perceptions; Indian farmers; biomass; power plant; willingness

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Zyadin, A.; Natarajan, K.; Chauhan, S.; Singh, H.; Hassan, M.K.; Pappinen, A.; Pelkonen, P. Indian Farmers’ Perceptions and Willingness to Supply Surplus Biomass to an Envisioned Biomass-Based Power Plant. Challenges 2015, 6, 42-54.

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