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Religions 2018, 9(7), 212;

On the Xiapu Ritual Manual Mani the Buddha of Light

1,* and 2
Harvard-Yenching Library, 2 Dvinity Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Department of Applied Chinese, Ming Chuan University, 5 De Ming Rd., Gui Shan District, Taoyuan City 333, Taiwan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 May 2018 / Revised: 17 June 2018 / Accepted: 29 June 2018 / Published: 9 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Religion, Ritual and Ritualistic Objects)
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This paper first introduces Mani the Buddha of Light—a collection of ritual manuals of the Religion of Light from Xiapu county, Fujian Province, China and Diagram of the Universe—a Manichaean painting produced in South China in the late 14th to early 15th century. It then gives a detailed description of Mani the Buddha of Light with some illustrations of Diagram of the Universe. This paper further compares Mani the Buddha of Light and Buddhist worship and repentance ritual to demonstrate that the former utilized the form of the latter. It also analyzes the similarities and differences between the pantheons of Mani the Buddha of Light and other Manichaean materials. Ultimately it discusses the hypothesis that many pieces of the original texts in Mani the Buddha of Light should have come into being during the 9th–11th centuries and have been handed down generation after generation because of the strong vitality of its rituals. View Full-Text
Keywords: Manichaeism; ritual manual; Xiapu manuscripts; Buddhist worship and repentance ritual; Diagram of the Universe Manichaeism; ritual manual; Xiapu manuscripts; Buddhist worship and repentance ritual; Diagram of the Universe

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Ma, X.; Wang, C. On the Xiapu Ritual Manual Mani the Buddha of Light. Religions 2018, 9, 212.

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