Next Article in Journal
Globalization and Orthodox Christianity: A Glocal Perspective
Next Article in Special Issue
Bare Feet and Sacred Ground: “Viṣṇu Was Here”
Previous Article in Journal
Paganism and Reform in Shakespeare’s Plays
Previous Article in Special Issue
On the Xiapu Ritual Manual Mani the Buddha of Light
Article Menu
Issue 7 (July) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Religions 2018, 9(7), 215;

When Children Participate in the Death Ritual of a Parent: Funerary Photographs as Mnemonic Objects

Postdoc Researcher Department of Culture Studies, Tilburg School of Humanities and Digital Sciences, Tilburg University, 5037 AB Tilburg, The Netherlands
Received: 26 June 2018 / Revised: 5 July 2018 / Accepted: 9 July 2018 / Published: 11 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Religion, Ritual and Ritualistic Objects)
Full-Text   |   PDF [3307 KB, uploaded 11 July 2018]


When children lose a parent during childhood this offers emotional and life changing moments. It is important for them to be included in the death ritual and to be recognized as grievers alongside adults. Recent research has shown that children themselves consider it relevant to be part of the ‘communitas’ of grievers and do not like to be set aside because they are considered to be too young to participate. In this case study, I describe how a Dutch mother encouraged her three children, aged 12, 9 and 6, to participate in the death rituals of their father. She asked a funeral photographer to document the rituals. In that way, later on in their life, the children would have a visual report of the time of his death in addition to their childhood memories. The objective of my case study research was first, to explore in detail hów children are able to participate in death rituals in a carefully contemplated manner and in accordance with their age and wishes, and second, to examine the relevance of funeral photographs to them in later years. The funeral photographs will be presented as a visual essay of how and when the children took part in the rituals and which ritual objects, such as the coffin and the grave, but also letters, poems and drawings were important in creating an ongoing bond with their deceased father. The conclusion of this case study presentation is that funeral photographs of death rituals may function as mnemonic objects later on in the life of children who lost a parent in their childhood. These photographs enable children, when necessary, to materialize how they participated in the death ritual of their father or mother. In this respect they can be seen as functional means of continuing bonds in funeral culture, linking the past with the present, in particular when young children are involved. View Full-Text
Keywords: children; objects; funerary photography; death ritual; continuing bonds children; objects; funerary photography; death ritual; continuing bonds
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Faro, L.M. When Children Participate in the Death Ritual of a Parent: Funerary Photographs as Mnemonic Objects. Religions 2018, 9, 215.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Religions EISSN 2077-1444 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert Logo copyright Steve Bridenbaugh/UUA
Back to Top