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“Religion in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy?” A Pilot Study: The Meaning of Religiosity/Spirituality from Staff’s Perspective in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy

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The Department of Caritas Science and Christian Social Welfare, Freiburg University, Platz der Universitaet 3, D-79098, Freiburg, Germany
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The Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, The Freiburg University Hospital, Hauptstrasse 5, D-79104, Freiburg, Germany
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Religions 2011, 2(4), 525-535; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel2040525
Received: 1 August 2011 / Revised: 7 September 2011 / Accepted: 23 September 2011 / Published: 28 September 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Religions and Psychotherapies)
This study examined: (1) the spirituality of staff; (2) its relationship with staff’s attitudes towards religiosity/spirituality of patients; and (3) with staff’s integration of religious and spiritual contents in the patient’s therapy. Method: An anonymous survey distributed to the staff in the department of psychiatry and psychotherapy at the Freiburg University Hospital. The main predictor variable was the spirituality of staff using DRI (Duke Religion Index). The main criterion variables were the relevance of religiosity/spirituality of patients and staff’s attitude towards religious/spiritual contents during their therapy using the questionnaire of Curlin et al. Results: The spirituality of staff was 6.91 on a scale of 12.0. There was no significant relationship between variables. Staff regarded the influence of religious/spiritual contents generally positive to patients. However, the staff did not use religious/spiritual elements in their therapy methods. Frequent reasons were insufficient time/occasion and insufficient knowledge. Conclusions: Religious/spiritual contents have not been integrated yet in therapy methods, although they are regarded as important for patients. Further studies and discussion about religious/spiritual matters are essential for their integration into psychiatric therapies in order to overcome these inconsistencies. View Full-Text
Keywords: religiosity; spirituality; psychiatric staff; spiritual needs; salutogenesis; coping religiosity; spirituality; psychiatric staff; spiritual needs; salutogenesis; coping
MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, E.; Zahn, A.; Baumann, K. “Religion in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy?” A Pilot Study: The Meaning of Religiosity/Spirituality from Staff’s Perspective in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy. Religions 2011, 2, 525-535.

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