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Article

Effect of Raja Yoga Meditation on the Distress and Anxiety Levels of Women with Breast Cancer

1
Department of Nursing, Universidade Federal do Piauí, Teresina 64049-550, PI, Brazil
2
Department of Nursing, Faculty of Pharmacy, Dentistry and Nursing, Universidade Federal do Ceará, Fortaleza 60020-181, CE, Brazil
3
Department of Health Science, Universidade Estadual do Maranhão, São João dos Patos 65665-959, MA, Brazil
4
Department of Health Science, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, São Mateus 29075-910, ES, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Terje Sparby
Religions 2021, 12(8), 590; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12080590
Received: 14 June 2021 / Revised: 15 July 2021 / Accepted: 20 July 2021 / Published: 31 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Meditation and Spiritual Practice)
Objective: To evaluate the effect of Raja yoga meditation on the level of distress and anxiety in women with breast cancer. Method: A randomized, controlled, clinical trial was carried out in a specialized center between February and December 2019. The patients in the intervention group (n = 25) participated in four group meditation sessions for one month, and the participants in the control group (n = 25) were exposed to an educational activity for the same period and frequency. Cohen’s d was used to evaluate the effect size. Results: A significant reduction in the level of distress and anxiety was found in the intervention group (p < 0.001). The effect of meditation was average in reducing distress, anxiety, depression, and vital signs. There was also an average effect on the increase in saturation of peripheral oxygen (SPO2). Conclusion: The practice of meditation reduced distress and anxiety more effectively than the usual care practices. View Full-Text
Keywords: breast neoplasms; meditation; psychological stress; anxiety; nursing; complementary therapies breast neoplasms; meditation; psychological stress; anxiety; nursing; complementary therapies
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MDPI and ACS Style

Araújo, R.V.; Fernandes, A.F.C.; Campelo, R.C.V.; Silva, R.A.; Nery, I.S. Effect of Raja Yoga Meditation on the Distress and Anxiety Levels of Women with Breast Cancer. Religions 2021, 12, 590. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12080590

AMA Style

Araújo RV, Fernandes AFC, Campelo RCV, Silva RA, Nery IS. Effect of Raja Yoga Meditation on the Distress and Anxiety Levels of Women with Breast Cancer. Religions. 2021; 12(8):590. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12080590

Chicago/Turabian Style

Araújo, Raquel V., Ana F.C. Fernandes, Regina C.V. Campelo, Renan A. Silva, and Inez S. Nery 2021. "Effect of Raja Yoga Meditation on the Distress and Anxiety Levels of Women with Breast Cancer" Religions 12, no. 8: 590. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12080590

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