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Kālavañcana in the Konkan: How a Vajrayāna Haṭhayoga Tradition Cheated Buddhism’s Death in India

School of Languages, Cultures and Linguistics, SOAS University of London, Thornhaugh Street, Russell Square, London WC1H 0XG, UK
Religions 2019, 10(4), 273;
Received: 26 February 2019 / Accepted: 12 March 2019 / Published: 16 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Society for Tantric Studies Proceedings (2016))
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In recent decades the relationship between tantric traditions of Buddhism and Śaivism has been the subject of sustained scholarly enquiry. This article looks at a specific aspect of this relationship, that between Buddhist and Śaiva traditions of practitioners of physical yoga, which came to be categorised in Sanskrit texts as haṭhayoga. Taking as its starting point the recent identification as Buddhist of the c.11th-century Amṛtasiddhi, which is the earliest text to teach any of the methods of haṭhayoga and whose teachings are found in many subsequent non-Buddhist works, the article draws on a range of textual and material sources to identify the Konkan site of Kadri as a key location for the transition from Buddhist to Nāth Śaiva haṭhayoga traditions, and proposes that this transition may provide a model for how Buddhist teachings survived elsewhere in India after Buddhism’s demise there as a formal religion. View Full-Text
Keywords: Śaivism; Buddhism; Hinduism; Tantra; Yoga; India Śaivism; Buddhism; Hinduism; Tantra; Yoga; India

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Mallinson, J. Kālavañcana in the Konkan: How a Vajrayāna Haṭhayoga Tradition Cheated Buddhism’s Death in India. Religions 2019, 10, 273.

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