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Religions 2019, 10(2), 75; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10020075

The Dreamer and Their Authenticity in the Zhuangzi

Department of Philosophy, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
Received: 20 December 2018 / Revised: 21 January 2019 / Accepted: 21 January 2019 / Published: 23 January 2019
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Abstract

In this paper, I explain the problem of the dreamer in the Zhuangzi. I aim to show that no difference exists between dreaming states and waking states because we have a fluctual relationship with these two stages. In both, “we are dreaming.” Put another way, from a psychoanalytical point of view, one stage penetrates the other and vice versa. The difference between dreaming and non-dreaming disappears because dreaming is a structural process. Also, from a psychoanalytical perspective, all confirmations and negations about dreams and non-dreams leads to one point: the being, or rather the becoming, of the subject. How does this solve the problem of the True Person/True Human Being (zhenren真人)? Does such a person have dreams or not? Does the True Person sleep without dreams, as we find in the Zhuangzi? From a psychoanalytic perspective, this is not possible. To prove this, I will present few passages from the Zhuangzi and offer a psychoanalytic explanation of them based on Jacques Lacan’s theory of the fantasy and desire. View Full-Text
Keywords: dream; Zhuangzi; Jacques Lacan; fantasy; desire; True Person; psychoanalysis; being dream; Zhuangzi; Jacques Lacan; fantasy; desire; True Person; psychoanalysis; being
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Bonar, B.A. The Dreamer and Their Authenticity in the Zhuangzi. Religions 2019, 10, 75.

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