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Religions 2019, 10(1), 41; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10010041

“Stand Still in The Light”: What Conceptual Metaphor Research Can Tell Us about Quaker Theology

University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
Received: 21 December 2018 / Revised: 5 January 2019 / Accepted: 7 January 2019 / Published: 10 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Interdisciplinary Quaker Studies)
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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to explore how an interdisciplinary approach can benefit Quaker Studies. The paper applies conceptual Metaphor Theory to help explicate aspects of theology in 17th century Quaker writings. It uses a combination of close reading supported by a corpus of related texts to analyse the writing of 4 key figures from the first decade of the movement. Metaphor analysis finds that orientational schemas of UP-DOWN and IN-OUT are essential structural elements in the theological thought of all 4 writers, along with more complex metaphors of BUILDINGS. Quaker writers make novel extensions to and recombinations of Biblical metaphors around Light and Stones, as well as using aspects of the theory of Elements. Such analysis can help explicate nuances of theological meaning-making. The evaluation of DOWN IS GOOD and UP IS BAD—except in specific circumstances—is distinctively Quaker, and embodied metaphors of divine immanence in humans indicate a ‘flipped’ soteriology which is distanced from the Christ event. View Full-Text
Keywords: conceptual metaphor; metaphor schemas; divine immanence; Christology; soteriology; Sarah Jones; James Nayler; Margaret Fell; Edward Burrough conceptual metaphor; metaphor schemas; divine immanence; Christology; soteriology; Sarah Jones; James Nayler; Margaret Fell; Edward Burrough
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Kirkwood, R.J. “Stand Still in The Light”: What Conceptual Metaphor Research Can Tell Us about Quaker Theology. Religions 2019, 10, 41.

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