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Article

Influence of Impeller Gap Drainage Width on the Performance of Low Specific Speed Centrifugal Pump

1
National Research Center of Pumps, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China
2
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79411, USA
3
Jiangsu Shentong Valve Co. Ltd., Nantong 226232, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Cristiano Fragassa
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2021, 9(2), 106; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9020106
Received: 22 November 2020 / Revised: 12 January 2021 / Accepted: 18 January 2021 / Published: 20 January 2021
The centrifugal pump is one of the most important pieces of energy-consuming equipment in various hydraulic engineering applications. This paper takes a low specific speed centrifugal pump as the research object. Based on the research method combining numerical calculation and experimental verification, the influence of the gap drainage structure on the performance of the low specific speed centrifugal pump and its internal flow field distribution were investigated. The flow field inside the low specific speed centrifugal pump impeller under different gap widths was studied. The comparison between the numerical calculation results and the experimental results confirms that the numerical calculations in this paper have high accuracy. It was found that the gap drainage will reduce the head of the low specific speed centrifugal pump, but increase its hydraulic efficiency. Using a smaller gap width could greatly improve the performance of the low specific speed centrifugal pump on the basis of a slight reduction in the head. The high-pressure leakage flow at the gap flows from the blade pressure surface to the suction surface can effectively suppress the low-pressure area at the impeller inlet. The flow rate of the high-pressure leakage flow increases with the gap width. Excessive gap width may cause a low-pressure zone at the inlet of the previous flow passage. These results could serve as a reference for the subsequent gap design to further improve the operating stability of the low specific speed centrifugal pump. View Full-Text
Keywords: centrifugal pump; performance; gap drainage; numerical simulation; low specific speed centrifugal pump; performance; gap drainage; numerical simulation; low specific speed
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wei, Y.; Yang, Y.; Zhou, L.; Jiang, L.; Shi, W.; Huang, G. Influence of Impeller Gap Drainage Width on the Performance of Low Specific Speed Centrifugal Pump. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2021, 9, 106. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9020106

AMA Style

Wei Y, Yang Y, Zhou L, Jiang L, Shi W, Huang G. Influence of Impeller Gap Drainage Width on the Performance of Low Specific Speed Centrifugal Pump. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. 2021; 9(2):106. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9020106

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wei, Yangyang, Yang Yang, Ling Zhou, Lei Jiang, Weidong Shi, and Gaoyang Huang. 2021. "Influence of Impeller Gap Drainage Width on the Performance of Low Specific Speed Centrifugal Pump" Journal of Marine Science and Engineering 9, no. 2: 106. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9020106

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