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The Animal Kingdom, Agriculture⋯ and Seaweeds

1
Acadian Seaplants Limited, Cornwallis Park, NS B0S1A0, Canada
2
Arramara Teoranta, Oyster Bay, Kilkieran, Co., H91 HD86 Galway, Ireland
3
Verschuren Centre for Sustainability in Energy and the Environment, Cape Breton University, Sydney, NS B1P 6L2, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2020, 8(8), 574; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8080574
Received: 27 June 2020 / Revised: 27 July 2020 / Accepted: 28 July 2020 / Published: 30 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marine Biologically Active Compounds as Feed Additives)
Marine macroalgae (seaweeds), are amongst the first multicellular organisms and, as such, the precursors to land plants. By the time ‘land’ animals arrived on the scene, terrestrial plants were plentiful and varied, and herbivorous diets developed in concert with the food sources most commonly available. However, skip forward several hundred millennia, and with the advent of agriculture, approximately 10,000 years ago, dietary diversity began to change. Today, the world is experiencing increasingly higher rates of debilitating, non-communicable diseases—might there be a connection? This paper reviews scientific evidence for the judicious use of various seaweeds in the reduction of heat stress, enhanced immunity, improved growth performance, and methane reduction in animals. The extensive, (super) prebiotic effects of selected macroalgae will also be highlighted. Key studies conducted across the animal kingdom provide considerable support that there is an overwhelming need for the guided and wise applications of increased usage of selected seaweeds in feed, food and supplements. Particular attention will be paid to the bioactive components, and nutraceutical qualities, of various seaweeds, i.e., the brown, Saccharina (Laminaria) spp. and Ascophyllum nodosum, and the red alga Chondrus crispus. Suggestions are put forward for benefits to be derived from their further applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: macroalgae (seaweeds); feed; food; Homo sapiens; agriculture; health macroalgae (seaweeds); feed; food; Homo sapiens; agriculture; health
MDPI and ACS Style

Cornish, M.L.; Monagail, M.M.; Critchley, A.T. The Animal Kingdom, Agriculture⋯ and Seaweeds. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2020, 8, 574. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8080574

AMA Style

Cornish ML, Monagail MM, Critchley AT. The Animal Kingdom, Agriculture⋯ and Seaweeds. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. 2020; 8(8):574. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8080574

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cornish, Melania L.; Monagail, Michéal M.; Critchley, Alan T. 2020. "The Animal Kingdom, Agriculture⋯ and Seaweeds" J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 8, no. 8: 574. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8080574

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