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Article

SPH Simulations of Real Sea Waves Impacting a Large-Scale Structure

1
Maritime Engineering Laboratory, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, BarcelonaTech, 08034 Barcelona, Spain
2
Department of Civil Engineering, Ghent University, B-9052 Ghent, Belgium
3
School of Applied Engineering and Technology, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, NJ 07102, USA
4
Environmental Physics Laboratory, Campus Sur, Universidade de Vigo, 32004 Ourense, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2020, 8(10), 826; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8100826
Received: 18 September 2020 / Revised: 8 October 2020 / Accepted: 14 October 2020 / Published: 21 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wave Interactions with Coastal Structures)
The Pont del Petroli is a dismissed pier in the area of Badalona, Spain, with high historical and social value. This structure was heavily damaged in January 2020 during the storm Gloria that hit southeastern Spain with remarkable strength. The reconstruction of the pier requires the assessment and characterization of the wave loading that determined the structural failure. Therefore, a state-of-the-art Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) code was employed herein as an aid for a planned experimental campaign that will be carried out at the Maritime Engineering Laboratory of Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya-BarcelonaTech (LIM/UPC). The numerical model is based on Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) and has been employed to simulate conditions very similar to those that manifested during the storm Gloria. The high computational cost for a full 3-D simulation has been alleviated by means of inlet boundary conditions, allowing wave generation very close to the structure. Numerical results reveal forces higher than the design loads of the pier, including both self-weight and accidental loads. This demonstrates that the main failure mechanism that led to severe structural damage of the pier during the storm is related to the exceeded lateral soil resistance. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this research represents the first known application of SPH open boundary conditions to model a real-world engineering case. View Full-Text
Keywords: fluid–structure interaction; waves; smoothed particle hydrodynamics; SPH; Pont del Petroli; storm Gloria fluid–structure interaction; waves; smoothed particle hydrodynamics; SPH; Pont del Petroli; storm Gloria
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MDPI and ACS Style

Altomare, C.; Tafuni, A.; Domínguez, J.M.; Crespo, A.J.C.; Gironella, X.; Sospedra, J. SPH Simulations of Real Sea Waves Impacting a Large-Scale Structure. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2020, 8, 826. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8100826

AMA Style

Altomare C, Tafuni A, Domínguez JM, Crespo AJC, Gironella X, Sospedra J. SPH Simulations of Real Sea Waves Impacting a Large-Scale Structure. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. 2020; 8(10):826. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8100826

Chicago/Turabian Style

Altomare, Corrado, Angelantonio Tafuni, José M. Domínguez, Alejandro J.C. Crespo, Xavi Gironella, and Joaquim Sospedra. 2020. "SPH Simulations of Real Sea Waves Impacting a Large-Scale Structure" Journal of Marine Science and Engineering 8, no. 10: 826. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8100826

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