Liquified natural gas (LNG) fuel has received significant attention as an affordable and highly efficient fuel option due to strengthened regulations on the sulfur content of bunker oil put in place by the International Maritime Organization. The main component of the LNG fuel gas supply system (FGSS) is the heat exchanger that provides adequate gas temperatures and pressures required by the engine, which also has a large machinery volume compared with other equipment. Due to the volume limitation, most FGSS have been applied to new shipbuilding only. To reduce the volume of the FGSS, CO2
was considered to serve as the replacement heat medium for conventionally used glycol water during LNG gasification. The specific power consumption (SPC) in the CO2
and glycol water system was optimized using the Aspen HYSYS thermodynamic modeler toward adjusting the temperature and pressure, and the resulting sizes were compared. This study demonstrated that the CO2
heat medium resulted in a 14% improvement in efficiency and a 7% reduction in heat exchanger size concluding that it was the most advantageous heat medium for the LNG regasification.
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