In this article, a ship manoeuvrability-based simulation for ship navigation in collision situations is established. Under the general requirement from the Convention on the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea (COLREGs) and good seamanship, the determination of encounter situations is quantified to reduce navigators’ intervention. Meanwhile, the action manner by course alteration or changing speed in some typical encounter situations is graphically analysed for both the give-way and stand-on vessels. Then, the multiple genetic algorithm and linear extension algorithm are adopted to perform trajectory planning for collision avoidance. To improve the reliability of the simulation system, the mathematical model of ship motion and ship manoeuvring control mechanism are adopted, which can eliminate the insufficiency of neglect of ship manoeuvrability in the process of collision avoidance. Meanwhile, the course encoding technique is adopted to fit the ship manoeuvring control mechanism. Finally, a set of traffic scenarios emulating different encounter situations are applied to demonstrate the effectiveness, consistency, and practicality of this system.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited