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J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2019, 7(2), 33;

Experimental Study of a Hybrid Wave Energy Converter Integrated in a Harbor Breakwater

FEUP—Faculty of Engineering of the University of Porto, Department of Civil Engineering, rua Dr. Roberto Frias, s/n, 4200-465 Porto, Portugal
CIIMAR, Interdisciplinary Centre of Marine and Environmental Research of the University of Porto, Terminal de Cruzeiros do Porto de Leixões, Avenida General Norton de Matos, s/n, 4450-208 Matosinhos, Portugal
Institute of Science and Innovation in Mechanical and Industrial Engineering (INEGI), Rua Dr. Roberto Frias, s/n, 4200-465 Porto, Portugal
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 December 2018 / Revised: 19 January 2019 / Accepted: 23 January 2019 / Published: 3 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Ocean Wave Energy Conversion)
PDF [6541 KB, uploaded 3 February 2019]


Sea ports are infrastructures with substantial energy demands and often responsible for air pollution and other environmental problems, which may be minimized by using renewable energy, namely electricity harvested from ocean waves. In this regard, a wide variety of concepts to harvest wave energy are available and some shoreline technologies are already in an advanced development phase. The [email protected] project aims to assess the suitability and viability of existing wave energy conversion technologies to be integrated in harbor breakwaters, in order to take advantage of their high exposure to ocean waves. This paper describes the experimental study carried out to assess the performance of a hybrid wave energy converter (WEC) integrated in the rubble-mound structure that was proposed for the extension of the North breakwater of the Port of Leixões, Portugal. The hybrid concept combines the overtopping and the oscillating water column principles and was tested on a geometric scale of 1/50. This paper is focused on the assessment of the effects of the hybrid WEC integration on the case-study breakwater, both in terms of its stability and functionality. The 2D physical model included the reproduction of the seabed bathymetry in front of the breakwater and the generation of a wide range of irregular sea states, including extreme wave conditions. The experimental results shown that the integration of the hybrid WEC in the breakwater does not worsens the stability of its toe berm blocks and reduces the magnitude of the overtopping events. The conclusions obtained are therefore favorable to the integration of this type of devices on harbor breakwaters. View Full-Text
Keywords: hybrid WEC; wave overtopping; oscillating water column; physical modelling hybrid WEC; wave overtopping; oscillating water column; physical modelling

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Rosa-Santos, P.; Taveira-Pinto, F.; Clemente, D.; Cabral, T.; Fiorentin, F.; Belga, F.; Morais, T. Experimental Study of a Hybrid Wave Energy Converter Integrated in a Harbor Breakwater. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2019, 7, 33.

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