# Evaluation of the Corrosion Depth of Double Bottom Longitudinal Girder on Aging Bulk Carriers

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## Abstract

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## 1. Introduction

## 2. Corrosion Models

## 3. Design Corrosion Addition

## 4. Materials and Methods

#### 4.1. A Brief Description of the Input Database

#### 4.2. The Proposed Problem and Corresponding Methodology

## 5. Results

## 6. Conclusions

## Author Contributions

## Funding

## Institutional Review Board Statement

## Informed Consent Statement

## Data Availability Statement

## Acknowledgments

## Conflicts of Interest

## References

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**Figure 1.**Gross thickness and corrosion addition percentage plotted against the corrosion wear percentage of gross thickness with corresponding criteria for the LG of bulk carriers.

**Figure 3.**Linear models for the minimum (

**a**), mean (

**b**), and maximum (

**c**) corrosion wear percentage of the LG ship structures.

**Figure 5.**Corrosion depth percentage plotted against the operating time and built-in thicknesses of the LG of the bulk carriers examined.

**Figure 6.**Corrosion depth percentage plotted against the thicknesses of LG: measured data vs. CSR corrosion addition limit.

**Table 1.**Corrosion additions for the LG plating of bulk carriers according to IACS [6].

Corrosion Addition—FOT Side (mm) | Corrosion Addition—WBT Side (mm) | Reserve Thickness (mm) | Total Corrosion Addition (mm) |
---|---|---|---|

0.7 | 2 | 0.5 | 3.5 |

**Table 2.**Corrosion addition percentage and gross thickness for the LG of bulk carriers calculated according to IACS [6].

(Assumed) Net Thickness of LG (mm) | Total Corrosion Addition, Table 1 (mm) | Gross Thickness (mm) | Corrosion Addition as a Percentage of Gross Thickness (mm) |
---|---|---|---|

8 | 3.5 | 11.5 | 30.4% |

10 | 3.5 | 13.5 | 25.9% |

12 | 3.5 | 15.5 | 22.6% |

14 | 3.5 | 17.5 | 20.0% |

16 | 3.5 | 19.5 | 17.9% |

18 | 3.5 | 21.5 | 16.3% |

**Table 3.**The basic information on the database and the original thickness of the longitudinal girder plate.

The Age of Ships (Years) | The Number of Ship Surveys | The Number of Tanks | The Number of Sections | The Available Built-in Thickness of Plates (mm) |
---|---|---|---|---|

0–5 | 4 | 9 | 45 | 11–14, 16–17, 18–19 |

5–10 | 4 | 10 | 50 | 11–16 |

10–15 | 7 | 19 | 100 | 11–16 |

15–20 | 12 | 39 | 200 | 11–16 |

20–25 | 5 | 17 | 90 | 11–14, 16–18 |

Total: | 31 | 95 | 490 |

$11\le {\mathit{d}}_{0}<13$ | $13\le {\mathit{d}}_{0}<15$ | $15\le {\mathit{d}}_{0}\le 18$ | |||
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Statistics | Value | Statistics | Value | Statistics | Value |

Sample Size | 1160 | Sample Size | 606 | Sample Size | 152 |

Mean (M) | 4.73422 | Mean (M) | 11.3899 | Mean (M) | 7.72303 |

Min | 0 | Min | 0 | Min | 0 |

Max | 44 | Max | 55.6 | Max | 55.6 |

Std. Deviation | 8.4675 | Std. Deviation | 13.5874 | Std. Deviation | 14.4824 |

25% (Q1) | 0.8 | 25% (Q1) | 1.4 | 25% (Q1) | 0.6 |

75% (Q3) | 3.4 | 75% (Q3) | 26.7 | 75% (Q3) | 4.85 |

Intervals of the Original Thickness | $\mathbf{p}\left(\mathbf{t}\right)=10\mathbf{\%}$ | $\mathbf{p}\left(\mathbf{t}\right)=15\mathbf{\%}$ | $\mathbf{p}\left(\mathbf{t}\right)=20\mathbf{\%}$ | $\mathbf{p}\left(\mathbf{t}\right)=25\mathbf{\%}$ | |
---|---|---|---|---|---|

${p}_{1}^{{Q}_{3}}\left(t\right)$ | [11,13) | $\mathrm{t}=13.3$ years | $\mathrm{t}=18.0$ years | $\mathrm{t}=22.7$ years | $\mathrm{t}=27.3$ years |

${p}_{2}^{{Q}_{3}}\left(t\right)$ | [13,15) | $\mathrm{t}=10.3$ years | $\mathrm{t}=13.5$ years | $\mathrm{t}=16.6$ years | $\mathrm{t}=19.8$ years |

${p}_{3}^{{Q}_{3}}\left(t\right)$ | [15,18] | $\mathrm{t}=10.1$ years | $\mathrm{t}=13.2$ years | $\mathrm{t}=16.2$ years | $\mathrm{t}=19.3$ years |

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**MDPI and ACS Style**

Ivošević, Š.; Kovač, N.; Momčilović, N.; Vukelić, G. Evaluation of the Corrosion Depth of Double Bottom Longitudinal Girder on Aging Bulk Carriers. *J. Mar. Sci. Eng.* **2022**, *10*, 1425.
https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse10101425

**AMA Style**

Ivošević Š, Kovač N, Momčilović N, Vukelić G. Evaluation of the Corrosion Depth of Double Bottom Longitudinal Girder on Aging Bulk Carriers. *Journal of Marine Science and Engineering*. 2022; 10(10):1425.
https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse10101425

**Chicago/Turabian Style**

Ivošević, Špiro, Nataša Kovač, Nikola Momčilović, and Goran Vukelić. 2022. "Evaluation of the Corrosion Depth of Double Bottom Longitudinal Girder on Aging Bulk Carriers" *Journal of Marine Science and Engineering* 10, no. 10: 1425.
https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse10101425