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Sensitivity and Recovery of Grain Sorghum to Simulated Drift Rates of Glyphosate, Glufosinate, and Paraquat

Delta Research and Extension Center, Mississippi State University, Stoneville, MS 38776, USA
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Agriculture 2019, 9(4), 70; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture9040070
Received: 20 February 2019 / Revised: 19 March 2019 / Accepted: 27 March 2019 / Published: 1 April 2019
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Abstract

A field experiment was conducted in 2017 and 2018 to evaluate the sensitivity and recovery of grain sorghum to the simulated drift of glufosinate, glyphosate, and paraquat at two application timings (V6 and flag leaf growth stage). Paraquat drift caused maximum injury to sorghum plants in both years, whereas the lowest injury was caused by glyphosate in 2017. Averaged over all herbicide treatments, injury to grain sorghum from the simulated herbicide drift was 5% greater when herbicides were applied at flag leaf stage, as compared to herbicide applications at the six-leaf stage in 2017. In 2018, injury from glyphosate drift was higher when applied at the six-leaf stage than at the flag leaf stage. Paraquat and glufosinate drift caused more injury when applied at flag leaf stage than at six-leaf stage at 14 days after application in 2018. About 21% to 29% of injury from the simulated drift of paraquat led to a 31% reduction in grain sorghum yield, as compared to a nontreated check in 2017. The simulated drift of glyphosate and glufosinate did not result in any significant yield reduction compared to the nontreated check in 2017, possibly due to the recovery of sorghum plants after herbicides’ drift application. View Full-Text
Keywords: plant height; sorghum; injury; sorghum grain yield plant height; sorghum; injury; sorghum grain yield
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Hale, R.R.; Bararpour, T.; Kaur, G.; Seale, J.W.; Singh, B.; Wilkerson, T. Sensitivity and Recovery of Grain Sorghum to Simulated Drift Rates of Glyphosate, Glufosinate, and Paraquat. Agriculture 2019, 9, 70.

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