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Reproductive Biology of Wild Blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium Aiton)

School of Biology and Ecology, University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469, USA
Agriculture 2019, 9(4), 69; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture9040069
Received: 7 March 2019 / Revised: 22 March 2019 / Accepted: 25 March 2019 / Published: 30 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue North American Native Food Crops)
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Abstract

Wild blueberry, Vaccinium angustifolium Aiton, is a native forest understory plant that is managed as a fruit crop. Over the past 51 years, experiments have been conducted to investigate its reproduction. A model was developed that predicts bloom to begin at 100° days (base 4.4 °C) after 1 April and to end at 500° days for a period of three to four weeks. Flower stigmas are only receptive to pollen deposition for eight to 10 days, and the rate of fruit set declines rapidly after four days. Placement of pollen upon receptive stigmas suggests that fruit set occurs with as little as a single pollen tetrad. Twelve tetrads result in 50% fruit set. Several years of exploratory fruit set field experiments show viable seeds per berry, which result from pollination with compatible genotype pollen, is associated with larger berry mass (g). Decomposition of the total variance in fruit set shows that stem variation explains 65% to 79% of total variance in the fruit set. To a lesser extent, the field, year, and clone also explain the percent fruit set variation. Variation between stems may be due to variation in the number of flowers. Fruit set tends to decrease as the flower density increases, possibly due to the limitation of pollinators. View Full-Text
Keywords: hand pollination; stigma viability; phenology; fruit set; bloom prediction hand pollination; stigma viability; phenology; fruit set; bloom prediction
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Drummond, F. Reproductive Biology of Wild Blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium Aiton). Agriculture 2019, 9, 69.

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