Next Article in Journal
Selective and Sensitive Quantification of Acetochlor and S-Metolachlor in Maize and Soybean Plant Samples by Gas Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry
Next Article in Special Issue
The Role of the Ecological Awareness and the Influence on Food Preferences in Shaping Pro-Ecological Behavior of Young Consumers
Previous Article in Journal
Organic Beekeeping Practices in Romania: Status and Perspectives towards a Sustainable Development
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Impact of Transport Infrastructure on the Sustainable Development of the Region—Case Study
Article

Agricultural Potential of the EU Countries: How Far Are They from the USA?

1
Department of Economics and Economic Policy in Agribusiness, Faculty of Economics, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Wojska Polskiego 28, 60-637 Poznan, Poland
2
Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Management, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Kamycka 129, 16500 Prague, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Piotr Prus
Agriculture 2021, 11(4), 282; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture11040282
Received: 23 February 2021 / Revised: 21 March 2021 / Accepted: 23 March 2021 / Published: 25 March 2021
Although the EU and the USA are the largest players in the global agricultural market, there are only a few up-to-date comparative studies concerning their agricultural potential and performance. No comprehensive study covering all individual EU member states in relation to the USA has been provided so far. Considering that in the light of the lasting impasse in the negotiations on both international and transatlantic trade liberalization, differences in the production structures seem to be a decisive factor affecting competitiveness of the EU and the US agriculture, the paper attempts to identify the gap in the agricultural potential between individual EU countries and the USA and determine which EU countries are able to face the competitive pressure exerted by the US agricultural producers. Ward’s agglomerative hierarchical clustering method with the Euclidean distance was used to separate the most and the least competitive countries depending on their agricultural potential. Based on the conducted analyses it may be stated that the US agriculture is characterized by more rational ratios between production factors, resulting in their higher efficiency compared to the EU. The conducted typological analysis showed that thanks to the high standard of capital assets per employee leading to high labor productivity, only such countries as Germany, the Netherlands, France, Denmark, and Belgium may be considered as capable of meeting the competitive pressure exerted by the US agriculture with its greater degree of concentration and benefits from proper proportions between the production factors. A much more difficult competitive situation is observed in the EU countries of Central and Eastern Europe as well as the Mediterranean region, specializing in land- and labor-intensive production, in which the rational utilization of the production potential is limited by the structural deficit, resulting from the fragmented agrarian structure and manifested in the low level of land and capital assets assigned to labor actively involved in the production process. View Full-Text
Keywords: agricultural resources; ratios between production factors; productivity; European Union countries; United States; clustering agricultural resources; ratios between production factors; productivity; European Union countries; United States; clustering
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Pawlak, K.; Smutka, L.; Kotyza, P. Agricultural Potential of the EU Countries: How Far Are They from the USA? Agriculture 2021, 11, 282. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture11040282

AMA Style

Pawlak K, Smutka L, Kotyza P. Agricultural Potential of the EU Countries: How Far Are They from the USA? Agriculture. 2021; 11(4):282. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture11040282

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pawlak, Karolina, Luboš Smutka, and Pavel Kotyza. 2021. "Agricultural Potential of the EU Countries: How Far Are They from the USA?" Agriculture 11, no. 4: 282. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture11040282

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop