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Article

Planimetric Determination of the Static Space of Cull Sows as the First Step towards a Recommendation of Loading Densities for Cull Sows during Road Transportation in the European Union

Institute for Animal Hygiene, Animal Welfare and Farm Animal Behaviour (ITTN), University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation, Bischofsholer Damm 15 (Building 116), 30173 Hanover, Germany
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Agriculture 2021, 11(1), 20; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture11010020
Received: 9 December 2020 / Revised: 24 December 2020 / Accepted: 27 December 2020 / Published: 31 December 2020
The available floor space is an important welfare factor for cull sows during transportation. Sows of modern genetics reach a size and weight far exceeding those of fattening pigs. In most countries, there are no binding, consistent regulations for the maximum loading densities, especially for sows during road transportation. As a first step towards such recommendations, the physical floor space requirement (static space) of 100 sows of a current breed, while standing and lying down, were determined using contrast-based planimetry. An average sow covered about 0.42–0.47 m2 (standing postures) up to 0.53–0.63 m2 (lying postures). The largest measured area was 0.72 m2 for a sow lying in the belly-chest position. We detected a significant dependency of the covered floor area and the live weight, which supports the common practice to derive space requirements and recommendations based on live weight. Also, our results suggest that especially heavy sows, under currently usual loading densities, are at risk of having insufficient floor space requirements during transport. The results cannot be used to define the space required by a sow to carry out movements or sustain the individual need for distance (social/dynamic space) but provide data on the static space covered by sows of current breeds. View Full-Text
Keywords: animal transportation; animal welfare; planimetry; space requirements; static space; stocking density animal transportation; animal welfare; planimetry; space requirements; static space; stocking density
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MDPI and ACS Style

Arndt, H.; Spindler, B.; Hohmeier, S.; Hartung, J.; Kemper, N. Planimetric Determination of the Static Space of Cull Sows as the First Step towards a Recommendation of Loading Densities for Cull Sows during Road Transportation in the European Union. Agriculture 2021, 11, 20. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture11010020

AMA Style

Arndt H, Spindler B, Hohmeier S, Hartung J, Kemper N. Planimetric Determination of the Static Space of Cull Sows as the First Step towards a Recommendation of Loading Densities for Cull Sows during Road Transportation in the European Union. Agriculture. 2021; 11(1):20. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture11010020

Chicago/Turabian Style

Arndt, Heidi, Birgit Spindler, Stephanie Hohmeier, Jörg Hartung, and Nicole Kemper. 2021. "Planimetric Determination of the Static Space of Cull Sows as the First Step towards a Recommendation of Loading Densities for Cull Sows during Road Transportation in the European Union" Agriculture 11, no. 1: 20. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture11010020

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