Next Article in Journal
Do Agricultural Package Programs Improve the Welfare of Rural People? Evidence from Smallholder Farmers in Ethiopia
Previous Article in Journal
Impacts of Cash Crop Production on Household Food Security for Smallholder Farmers: A Case of Shamva District, Zimbabwe
Previous Article in Special Issue
Sustainable Fertilizer Strategies for Vaccinium corymbosum x V. angustifolium under Abandoned Peatland Conditions
Open AccessArticle

Autonomous Mowing and Turf-Type Bermudagrass as Innovations for An Environment-Friendly Floor Management of a Vineyard in Coastal Tuscany

1
Department of Agriculture, Food and Environment, University of Pisa, 56124 Pisa, Italy
2
Department of Agricultural and Food Sciences, University of Bologna, 40126 Bologna, Italy
3
Golf Club Livorno srl, 57128 Livorno, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agriculture 2020, 10(5), 189; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10050189
Received: 29 April 2020 / Revised: 19 May 2020 / Accepted: 23 May 2020 / Published: 25 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Agriculture and Viticulture)
The establishment of permanent cover crops is becoming a common practice in vineyard floor management. Turfgrass science may provide species and techniques with a high potential for improving the sustainability of vineyard floor management. Based on this assumption, an experiment was carried out during 2018 and 2019 at the Donna Olimpia Vineyard, Bolgheri, Italy. The trial aimed at comparing an innovative floor management system based on a turf-type cultivar of bermudagrass mown with an autonomous mower with a conventional floor management system. Ground cover percentage, energy consumption, CO2 emissions, grapevine water status, leaf nitrogen content, fruit yield and must composition have been assessed in order to perform the comparison. The innovative vineyard floor management produced an almost complete ground cover (98%) at the end of the second growing season, with the resident species reduced to a small percentage (4%). Resident species growing under-trellis were efficiently controlled without herbicide applications. A lower primary energy consumption and a reduction in CO2 emissions were observed for the innovative management system compared to the conventional management system. Grapevine water status, leaf chlorophyll content, soil–plant analyses development (SPAD), fruit yields and must composition were similar between the different soil management systems. Based on results obtained in this trial, turf-type bermudagrass and innovative mowing machines may contribute to enhance the sustainability of vineyard floor management. View Full-Text
Keywords: soil protection; robotic mower; turfgrass; innovative agronomic practice; soil management soil protection; robotic mower; turfgrass; innovative agronomic practice; soil management
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Magni, S.; Sportelli, M.; Grossi, N.; Volterrani, M.; Minelli, A.; Pirchio, M.; Fontanelli, M.; Frasconi, C.; Gaetani, M.; Martelloni, L.; Peruzzi, A.; Raffaelli, M.; Mazzoncini, M.; Antichi, D.; Caruso, G.; Palai, G.; Materazzi, A.; Vittori, G.; Caturegli, L. Autonomous Mowing and Turf-Type Bermudagrass as Innovations for An Environment-Friendly Floor Management of a Vineyard in Coastal Tuscany. Agriculture 2020, 10, 189.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop