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Open AccessArticle

Grafting and Shading—The Influence on Postharvest Tomato Quality

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Faculty of Agriculture, University of Priština-Kosovska Mitrovica, 38219 Lešak, Serbia
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Department of Horticulture, Aristotle University, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
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Institute of Food Technology, University of Novi Sad, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia
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Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, ARO-Volcani Center, Rishon LeZiyyon 7505101, Israel
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agriculture 2020, 10(5), 181; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10050181
Received: 30 April 2020 / Revised: 18 May 2020 / Accepted: 20 May 2020 / Published: 21 May 2020
Interaction of grafting and shading on tomato physical properties and chemical composition after 15 days of storage at 10 °C and 90% relative humidity was investigated in ungrafted and grafted tomato cultivars ‘Optima F1’ and ‘Big beef F1’ grown under shading nets (red and pearl net) and nonshaded conditions. For grafted plants ‘Maxifort’ rootstock was used. The effects of two weeks of storage was statistically significant when taking into account the effects of grafting, shading and variety for all tomato fruit composition parameters, except total phenols. A principal component analysis demonstrated that the changes in tomato fruit traits during the studied storage period were the main source of differentiation in tomato fruit quality. Beside a slight loss of firmness, tomato fruits were generally expected to have lower lycopene, sugar, malic and citric acid contents, higher succinic acid content, more elastic fruit skin and higher ascorbic acid content. Additionally, after storage, fruits from grafted plants had lower total phenol, higher ascorbic acid and higher succinic acid contents compared to fruits from ungrafted plants. Storage diminishes the differences in quality achieved through convenient grafting and shading combinations. View Full-Text
Keywords: Solanum lycopersicum L.; grafting; shading; storage; quality Solanum lycopersicum L.; grafting; shading; storage; quality
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ilić, Z.S.; Koukounaras, A.; Milenković, L.; Kevrešan, Ž.; Bajić, A.; Šunić, L.; Kovač, R.; Fallik, E.; Mastilović, J. Grafting and Shading—The Influence on Postharvest Tomato Quality. Agriculture 2020, 10, 181.

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