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Agricultural Management Practices and Factors Affecting Technical Efficiency in Zimbabwe Maize Farming

Department of Agricultural Economics; University of the Free State, PO Box 339, Bloemfontein 9300, South Africa
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Agriculture 2020, 10(3), 78; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10030078
Received: 13 February 2020 / Revised: 26 February 2020 / Accepted: 10 March 2020 / Published: 14 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Agricultural Systems and Management)
Integrating best management practices and improving the technical efficiency of smallholder maize farmers is critical in raising overall agricultural output. However, there is not much information, besides marginalization and high rehabilitation and maintenance costs, which adequately explains why productivity of smallholder irrigation farmers drop at very high rates. Therefore, this study measured technical efficiency, identified factors affecting technical efficiency, and identified best management practices adopted by smallholder maize irrigation farmers at Tokwane-Ngundu (Zimbabwe). The Data Envelopment Analysis, Double Bootstrap Approach in a Principal Component Regression was used. Primary data were gathered using a questionnaire. Empirical results revealed that the mean technical efficiency of the respondents was 77%, which indicated a potential for them to increase their efficiency by 30%. The factors that increased technical efficiency included human capital, extension contacts and compliance with best management practices. The policy implication of this study is the need for robust group incentive schemes to promote farmer-to-farmer skills transfer to boost the technical efficiency of smallholder maize irrigation farmers in Zimbabwe. View Full-Text
Keywords: management practice; technical efficiency; smallholder farmers; double bootstrap approach; principal component regression; human capital; gender management practice; technical efficiency; smallholder farmers; double bootstrap approach; principal component regression; human capital; gender
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Bahta, Y.T.; Jordaan, H.; Sabastain, G. Agricultural Management Practices and Factors Affecting Technical Efficiency in Zimbabwe Maize Farming. Agriculture 2020, 10, 78.

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