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Review

Silphium perfoliatum—A Herbaceous Crop with Increased Interest in Recent Years for Multi-Purpose Use

1
Department of Plant Breeding and Seed Production, Faculty of Environmental Management and Agriculture, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Plac Łódzki 3, 10-724 Olsztyn, Poland
2
Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Geoengineering, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Warszawska 117, 10-719 Olsztyn, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agriculture 2020, 10(12), 640; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10120640
Received: 17 November 2020 / Revised: 11 December 2020 / Accepted: 14 December 2020 / Published: 16 December 2020
Silphium perfoliatum is a perennial crop native to North America that has been the subject of increased scientific interest in recent years, especially in Europe. It is drought- and frost-resistant, which makes it suitable for cultivation in Europe on marginal lands that are not used for growing other crops. This review analyzed the distribution and purposes of the cultivation of Silphium perfoliatum worldwide, as well as its biomass yields and characteristics as a feedstock for biogas production and other purposes. A total of 121 scientific publications on Silphium perfoliatum were identified, with the highest number (20 papers) published in 2019. It was found that higher biomass yields can be obtained at higher precipitation levels, with the use of fertilizers and an adequate type of plantation. The mean dry matter yield of Silphium perfoliatum was 13.3 Mg ha−1 DM (dry matter), and it ranged from 2 to over 32 Mg ha−1 DM. In some countries, Silphium is used as a forage crop mainly due to its high crude protein content (from 4.9% to 15% DM), depending on the vegetation phase. Silphium perfoliatum is a promising perennial crop in terms of energy and other benefits for biodiversity, soil quality and applications in medicine and pharmacology. View Full-Text
Keywords: cup plant; perennial energy crop; energy expenses; biogas; biomass yield cup plant; perennial energy crop; energy expenses; biogas; biomass yield
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MDPI and ACS Style

Peni, D.; Stolarski, M.J.; Bordiean, A.; Krzyżaniak, M.; Dębowski, M. Silphium perfoliatum—A Herbaceous Crop with Increased Interest in Recent Years for Multi-Purpose Use. Agriculture 2020, 10, 640. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10120640

AMA Style

Peni D, Stolarski MJ, Bordiean A, Krzyżaniak M, Dębowski M. Silphium perfoliatum—A Herbaceous Crop with Increased Interest in Recent Years for Multi-Purpose Use. Agriculture. 2020; 10(12):640. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10120640

Chicago/Turabian Style

Peni, Dumitru, Mariusz J. Stolarski, Anna Bordiean, Michał Krzyżaniak, and Marcin Dębowski. 2020. "Silphium perfoliatum—A Herbaceous Crop with Increased Interest in Recent Years for Multi-Purpose Use" Agriculture 10, no. 12: 640. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10120640

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